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Taxon: Medicago lupulina L.

Genus: Medicago section: Lupularia
Family: Fabaceae (alt. Leguminosae) subfamily: Faboideae tribe: Trifolieae. Also placed in: Papilionaceae
Nomen number: 23613
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:779. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 08-Jun-1987 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 01-Mar-2004
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6).
Accessions: 295 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • only available ) NPGS core subset accessions for the crop ‘MEDIC’ ) or .
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


See also subordinate taxa:


Common names:

  • black medic   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • black medick   (Source: BSBI ) – English
  • English trefoil   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • hop trefoil   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • hop-clover   (Source: Pl Book ) – English
  • nonesuch   (Source: F Iraq ) – English
  • yellow trefoil   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • tian lan mu xu   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • lupuline   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • minette dorée   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • Gelbklee   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • Hopfenklee   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • lupolina   (Source: Mult Glossary Crops ) – Italian
  • kometsubū-umagoyashi   (Source: F Japan ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • lupulina   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • luzerna-brava   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • luzerna-lupulina   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • mielga azafranada   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • humlelusern   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
More:

Economic importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production   (fide Dict Gard)
  • Environmental: ornamental   (fide Dict Gard)
  • Environmental: revegetator   (fide Cover Crop Database)
  • Environmental: soil improver   (fide Dict Gard)
  • Animal food: forage   (fide Lesins & Lesins, Genus Medicago 70. 1979)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant   (fide Atlas WWeed)
More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands [La Palma]
    Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia; Yemen
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    China: China
    Eastern Asia: Korea; Taiwan [n.]
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India - Bihar, Delhi, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal; Nepal; Pakistan
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece [incl. Crete]; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]; Romania
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Portugal; Spain

      Naturalized:
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores
    Southern Africa: South Africa
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia, Western Siberia
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    Mongolia: Mongolia
    Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Far East
    Eastern Asia: Japan
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia
    New Zealand: New Zealand
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Canada
    United States
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Brazil: Brazil [s.]
    Western South America: Ecuador; Peru
    Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Uruguay

      Adventive:
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Mexico
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Mesoamerica: Guatemala

      Cultivated:
  • also cultivated

References:

  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource).
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976–. Flora of Libya.
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961–. Flora of New Zealand.
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Eriksson, O. et al. 1979. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.
  • Graham, E. H. 1941. Legumes for erosion control and wildlife. USDA Misc. Publ. 412.
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984–. Med-Checklist.
  • Hansen, A. & P. Sunding. 1993. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17.
  • Hara, H. et al. 1978–1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  • Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds.
  • Huang, S. F. & T. C. Huang. 1987. Taxonomic treatment of the Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Taiwan. Taiwania 32:11-117.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Inst. Bot. V. L. Komarova, Acad. Sci. URSS. 1963–. Plantae asiae centralis.
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  • International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  • Isely, D. 1998. Native and naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States (exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii).
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993–. Flora of Japan.
  • Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres.
  • Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire. 1931–1941. Catalogue des plantes du Maroc.
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75.
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  • Kitagawa, M. 1979. Neo-lineamenta florae Manshuricae.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Kumar, S & P. V. Sane. 2003. Legumes of South Asia: a checklist.
  • Lesins, K. A. & I. Lesins. 1979. Genus Medicago (Leguminosae). A taxogenetic study. 67.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • McVaugh, R. 1983–. Flora Novo-Galiciana.
  • Meikle, R. D. 1977–1985. Flora of Cyprus.
  • Migahid, A. M. 1988–1990. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970–. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Pottier-Alapetite, G. 1979–1981. Flore de la Tunisie: Angiospermes-Dicotyledones.
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962–1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Silva, L. et al. 2005. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta).
  • Small, E. & M. Jomphe. 1989. A synopsis of the genus Medicago (Leguminosae). Canad. J. Bot. 67:3272.
  • Small, E. et al. 1981. The taxonomic value of floral characters in tribe Trigonelleae (Leguminosae), with special reference to Medicago. Canad. J. Bot. 59:1580.
  • Small, E. 1981. A numerical analysis of major groupings in Medicago employing traditionally used characters. Canad. J. Bot. 59:1555.
  • Small, E. 2012. Review of Fabaceae Trifolieae data for World Economic Plants, ed. 2. pers. comm.
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946–1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  • Täckholm, V. 1974. Students' flora of Egypt, ed. 2.
  • Thulin, M. 1983. Leguminosae of Ethiopia. Opera Bot. 68:1-223.
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966–. Flora of Iraq.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program. UC SAREP on-line cover crop database (on-line resource).
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986–. European garden flora.
  • Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the flora of Yemen.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Yakovlev, G. P. et al. 1996. Legumes of Northern Eurasia.
  • Zhu, X. Y. et al. 2007. Legumes of China: a checklist.
  • Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. 1996. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74., 1999
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Medicago lupulina L.:

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP: North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database and Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images or nodulation data:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?23613 (25 October 2014)

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