USDA ARS United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area

Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
Jump to common names  Jump to economic impacts  Jump to distribution  Jump to references  Jump to synonyms  Jump to links to other online resources  Jump to images

***Please tell us why you value GRIN Taxonomy***

Taxon: Malus prunifolia (Willd.) Borkh.

Genus: Malus section: Malus
Family: Rosaceae subfamily: Amygdaloideae tribe: Maleae subtribe: Malinae.
Nomen number: 23259
Place of publication: Theor. prakt. Handb. Forstbot. 2:1278. 1803
Name verified on: 29-Jun-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 29-Jun-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Geneva (GEN).
Accessions: 52 in National Plant Germplasm System.


Common names:

  • Chinese apple   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • crab apple   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • plum-leaf apple   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • qiu zi   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • pommier à feuilles de prunus   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – French
  • Kirsch-Apfel   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – German
  • sibirisk apel   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
More:

Economic importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental   (fide Zander ed13)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for apple   (fide Genet Res Crop Evol 46:606. 1999)
  • Gene sources: potential for cold tolerance in apple   (fide Genet Res Crop Evol 46:606. 1999)
  • Gene sources: potential for disease resistance in apple   (fide Genet Res Crop Evol 46:606. 1999)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of ornamental apples   (fide Eur Gard F)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of apple   (fide Russian J Genet 38:1155, 1158. 2002)

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    China: China - Gansu, Hebei, Henan, Hunan, Liaoning, Nei Monggol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan

      Cultivated:
  • also cultivated

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959–. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  • Czerepanov, S. K. 1995. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR).
  • Deng, G. T. et al. 1995. Distribution and use of Malus in Hengduan Mountain region, southwest China. Pl. Genet. Resources Newslett. 102:34.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage.
  • Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants.
  • Forte, A. V. et al. 2002. Phylogeny of the Malus (apple tree) species, inferred from the morphological traits and molecular DNA analysis. Russian J. Genet. 38:1150–1160. [as Malus × prunifolia, considered closely related to the domesticated apple].
  • Fu, Y. C. et al. 1977–. Flora intramongolica.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Likhonos, F. D. 1974. A survey of the species in the genus Malus Mill. Trudy Prikl. Bot. 52:31. [= M. domestica subsp. prunifolia (Willd.) Likhonos].
  • Oraguzie, N. C. et al. 2005. DNA fingerprinting of apple (Malus spp.) rootstocks using simple sequence repeats. Pl. Breed. (New York) 124:197–202.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986–. European garden flora.
  • Way, R. D. et al. 1991. Apple (Malus). Acta Hort. 290:3–46.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Zhong Guo & Hua Jing. 1993. China floral encyclopaedia.
  • Zhou, Z.-Q. 1999. The apple genetic resources in China: the wild species and their distributions, informative characterists and utilisation. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 46:607. [lists as M. ×prunifolia (Willd.) Borkh.].
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Malus prunifolia (Willd.) Borkh.:

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Malus prunifolia cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?23259 (19 December 2014)

Please send us your comments

Close Window

Ctrl P to print