USDA ARS United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area

Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
Jump to common names  Jump to economic impacts  Jump to distribution  Jump to references  Jump to synonyms  Jump to links to other online resources  Jump to images

***Please tell us why you value GRIN Taxonomy***

Taxon: Malus floribunda Siebold ex Van Houtte

Genus: Malus section: Malus
Family: Rosaceae subfamily: Amygdaloideae tribe: Maleae subtribe: Malinae
Nomen number: 23233
Place of publication: J. Gén. Hort. 15:161, t. 1585-1589. 1865
Comment: valid publication verified from original literature
Name verified on: 22-Jun-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 22-Jun-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Geneva (GEN).
Accessions: 12 in National Plant Germplasm System.

Common names:

  • Japanese crab   (Source: BSBI ) – English
  • Japanese crab apple   (Source: Websters Dict ) – English
  • Japanese flowering crab apple   (Source: Food Feed Crops US ) – English
  • purple chokeberry   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • showy crab apple   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • vielblütiger Apfel   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – German

Economic importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental   (fide Hortus 3)
  • Gene sources: potential for disease resistance in apple   (fide Acta Hort 839:403. 2009)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of apple   (based on affinities to members of section Malus fide Russian J Genet 38:1155, 1157. 2002)

Distributional range:

  • only cultivated


  • Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  • Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage.
  • Forte, A. V. et al. 2002. Phylogeny of the Malus (apple tree) species, inferred from the morphological traits and molecular DNA analysis. Russian J. Genet. 38:1357–1369.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Joshi, S. G. et al. 2009. Development of cisgenic apples with durable resistance to apple scab. Acta Hort. 839:403–406. [Malus floribunda as a source of resistance genes].
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rehder, A. 1949. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs.
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986–. European garden flora.
  • Webster's third new international dictionary.


Check other web resources for Malus floribunda Siebold ex Van Houtte:

  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Malus floribunda cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (28 November 2015)

Please send us your comments

Close Window

Ctrl P to print