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Taxon: Malus baccata (L.) Borkh.

Genus: Malus section: Gymnomeles
Family: Rosaceae subfamily: Amygdaloideae tribe: Maleae subtribe: Malinae.
Nomen number: 23219
Place of publication: Theor. prakt. Handb. Forstbot. 2:1280. 1803
Name verified on: 16-Jun-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 16-Jun-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Geneva (GEN).
Accessions: 68 in National Plant Germplasm System.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • Chinese crab apple   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English   [Malus baccata var. baccata]
  • Siberian crab   (Source: BSBI ) – English
  • Siberian crab apple   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English   [Malus baccata var. baccata]
  • dao cheng hai tang   (Source: F ChinaEng [as M. daochengensis]) – Transcribed Chinese   [Malus baccata var. daochengensis]
  • jin xian shan jing zi   (Source: F ChinaEng [as M. jinxianensis]) – Transcribed Chinese   [Malus baccata var. jinxianensis]
  • li jiang shan jing zi   (Source: F ChinaEng [as M. rockii]) – Transcribed Chinese   [Malus baccata var. himalaica]
  • shan jing zi   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • shan jing zi   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese   [Malus baccata var. baccata]
  • pommier à baies   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Malus baccata var. baccata]
  • pommier à petits fruits   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – French   [Malus baccata var. baccata]
  • Beerenapfelbaum   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Malus baccata var. baccata]
  • Beerenapfelstrauch   (Source: S. Reichel, p.c.) – German   [Malus baccata var. baccata]
  • Osagedorn   (Source: S. Reichel, p.c.) – German   [Malus baccata var. baccata]
  • yagwangnamu   (Source: Gen Res Cr Ev 44:365) – Transcribed Korean
  • jablonja jagodnaja   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Transliterated Russian
  • jablonja sibirskaja   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Transliterated Russian
  • manzano   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Malus baccata var. baccata]
  • bärapel   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental   (for M. pumila & M. asiatica fide F ChinaEng)
  • Gene sources: disease resistance for apple   (source of resistance to apple scab fide Euphytica 118:282. 2001)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for apple   (fide Breed Pl Tree Crops 39. 2009)
  • Gene sources: potential for cold tolerance in apple   (F1 hybrids derived of crosses with Malus domestica fide Euphytica 14:179. 1965)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of apple   (based on crosses with Malus domestica fide Euphytica 14:179. 1965)

Distributional range:

    Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia [s.]
    Mongolia: Mongolia
    Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Amur, Khabarovsk, Primorye
    China: China - Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Monggol, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Xinjiang, Xizang [s.e.]
    Eastern Asia: Korea
    Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India [n.]; Nepal

  • also cultivated




Check other web resources for Malus baccata (L.) Borkh.:

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Malus baccata cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (22 August 2014)

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