USDA ARS United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area

Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
Jump to common names  Jump to economic impacts  Jump to distribution  Jump to references  Jump to synonyms  Jump to links to other online resources  Jump to images

***Please tell us why you value GRIN Taxonomy***

Taxon: Maclura pomifera (Raf.) C. K. Schneid.

Genus: Maclura section: Maclura
Family: Moraceae tribe: Moreae.
Nomen number: 23061
Place of publication: Ill. Handb. Laubholzk. 1:806. 1906
Name verified on: 23-May-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 26-Jan-2000
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7).
Accessions: 6 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


Common names:

  • bow-wood   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • hedge-apple   (Source: F Carolin ) – English
  • osage-orange   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • bois d'arc   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • maclure épineux   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • oranger des osages   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • Osagedorn   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • laranja-osage   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • pau-d'arco   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • machura   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • madera de arco   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • naranjo de los osages   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • citrusmullbär   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

  • Environmental: boundary/barrier/support   (fide Dict Gard)
  • Environmental: ornamental   (fide Dict Gard)
  • Materials: tannin/dyestuff   (source of yellow dye listed fide Websters Dict)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals   (fide Kingsbury)
More:

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
      Cultivated:
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    United States

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Berg, C. C. 1986. The delimitation and subdivision of the genus Maclura (Moraceae). Proc. Kon. Ned. Akad. Wetensch., C 89C:243.
  • Cannon, J. & M. Cannon. 1994. Dye plants and dyeing. The Herbert Press & The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  • Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada.
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia.
  • Little, E. L., Jr. 1978. Important forest trees of the United States.
  • Little, E. L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541.
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  • Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Scoggan, H. J. 1978–1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. [introd.].
  • Webster's third new international dictionary.
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Maclura pomifera (Raf.) C. K. Schneid.:

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP: North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Maclura pomifera cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?23061 (22 October 2014)

Please send us your comments

Close Window

Ctrl P to print