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Taxon: Lophophora williamsii (Lem. ex Salm-Dyck) J. M. Coult.

Genus: Lophophora
Family: Cactaceae subfamily: Cactoideae tribe: Cacteae
Nomen number: 22667
Place of publication: Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 3:131. 1894
Name verified on: 16-Oct-1986 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 09-May-2011
No species priority site assigned.



Species on the following lists:

Common names:

  • cactus pudding   (Source: Cact Fam ) – English
  • devil's-root   (Source: Cact Fam ) – English
  • diabolic-root   (Source: Cact Fam ) – English
  • divine cactus   (Source: F NAmer ) – English
  • dry-whiskey   (Source: Cact Fam ) – English
  • dumpling cactus   (Source: Cact Fam ) – English
  • Indian-dope   (Source: Cact Fam ) – English
  • mescal-button   (Source: Cact Fam ) – English
  • mescal-buttons   (Source: F NAmer ) – English
  • turnip cactus   (Source: Cact Fam ) – English
  • whiskey cactus   (Source: Cact Fam ) – English
  • white-mule   (Source: Cact Fam ) – English
  • peyote   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – Spanish
  • peyotl   (Source: Cact Fam ) – Spanish

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)


  • Anderson, E. F. 2001. The cactus family.
  • Backeberg, C. 1967. Die Cactaceae. 2896–2898.
  • Backeberg, C. 1977. Das Kakteen Lexikon. 218.
  • Benson, L. 1982. The cacti of the United States and Canada. 948.
  • Bravo-Hollis, H. & H. Sánchez-Mejorada. 1978. Las Cactáceas de México, vol. 1 - 1978, vols. 2,3 - 1991 376–384.
  • CITES. Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Appendices I, II and III (on-line resource).
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. [poisonous].
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann. 1985. AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. [poisonous].
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Uphof, J. C. T. 1968. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2.
  • Zhong Guo & Hua Jing. 1993. China floral encyclopaedia.


Check other web resources for Lophophora williamsii (Lem. ex Salm-Dyck) J. M. Coult.:


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (25 November 2015)

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