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Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Allium cepa L.

Genus: Allium subgenus: Cepa section: Cepa
Family: Amaryllidaceae subfamily: Allioideae tribe: Allieae. Also placed in: Alliaceae Liliaceae
Nomen number: 2244
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:300. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 09-Jul-1997 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 23-Jan-2007
Species priority site is: Northeast Regional PI Station (NE9).
Accessions: 945 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


See also subordinate taxa:


Common names:

  • bulb onion   (Source: Pl Res SEAs ) – English   [Allium cepa var. cepa]
  • ever-ready onion   (Source: Zander ed17 [as A. cepa Aggregatum Group]) – English   [Allium cepa var. aggregatum]
  • multiplier onion   (Source: Mansf Ency [as A. cepa Aggregatum Group]) – English   [Allium cepa var. aggregatum]
  • onion   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • onion   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English   [Allium cepa var. cepa]
  • potato onion   (Source: Mansf Ency [as A. cepa Aggregatum Group]) – English   [Allium cepa var. aggregatum]
  • shallot   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • shallot   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English   [Allium cepa var. aggregatum]
  • Spanish onion   (Source: Brewster 1994) – English   [Allium cepa var. cepa]
  • spring onion   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English   [Allium cepa var. cepa]
  • basal   (Source: F Egypt ) – Arabic
  • huo cong   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese   [Allium cepa var. aggregatum]
  • yang cong   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese   [Allium cepa var. cepa]
  • échalote   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Allium cepa var. aggregatum]
  • oignon   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Allium cepa var. cepa]
  • oignon patate   (Source: UPOV ) – French   [Allium cepa var. aggregatum]
  • Küchenzwiebel   (Source: Zander ed17 [as A. cepa Cepa Group]) – German   [Allium cepa var. cepa]
  • Schalotte   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Allium cepa var. aggregatum]
  • Sommerzwiebel   (Source: Zander ed17 [as A. cepa Cepa Group]) – German   [Allium cepa var. cepa]
  • Speisezwiebel   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Allium cepa var. cepa]
  • cipolla   (Source: Mult Glossary Crops ) – Italian
  • ogba   (Source: Kulturpflanze 34:75.) – Transcribed Korean
  • yangba   (Source: Kulturpflanze 34:75.) – Transcribed Korean
  • cebola   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese   [Allium cepa var. cepa]
  • chalota   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese   [Allium cepa var. aggregatum]
  • cebolla   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Allium cepa var. cepa]
  • chalote   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Allium cepa var. aggregatum]
  • escaluña   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Allium cepa var. aggregatum]
  • lök   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
More:

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Cultivated:
  • AFRICA
    Africa
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia, Western Siberia
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Far East
    China: China
    Eastern Asia: Korea; Taiwan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India
    Indo-China: Indochina
    Malesia: Papua New Guinea; Philippines
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia
  • EUROPE
    Europe
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Canada
    Mexico
    United States
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Caribbean: West Indies
    Mesoamerica: Central America
    Brazil: Brazil

References:

More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Allium cepa L.:


Images:

  • GRIN Images of germplasm accessions.
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds or fruits: Seed ID Workshop image, from Department of Horticulture and Crop Science, Ohio State University
More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?2244 (19 April 2014)

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