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  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Lithospermum officinale L.

Genus: Lithospermum
Family: Boraginaceae subfamily: Boraginoideae.
Nomen number: 22416
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:132. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 02-May-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 02-May-1995
No species priority site assigned.

NO ACCESSIONS IN NPGS UNDER THIS NAME.

Common names:

  • common gromwell   (Source: CRC MedHerbs ed2 ) – English
  • gromwell   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • pearl gromwell   (Source: Pulmonaria ) – English
  • xiao hua zi cao   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • grémil officinal   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • millet d'amour   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • perlière   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • echter Steinsame   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • erba-perla maggiore   (Source: F Ital ) – Italian
  • aljôfar   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • vorobejnik lekarstvennyj   (Source: Pulmonaria ) – Transliterated Russian
  • mijo de sol   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • stenfrö   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Lebanon; Syria
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia [w.], Western Siberia
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    Mongolia: Mongolia
    China: China - Gansu, Nei Monggol, Ningxia, Xinjiang [n.]
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India [n.]; Nepal; Pakistan
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Ireland; Norway [s.]; Sweden [s.]; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Portugal; Spain [incl. Baleares]

      Naturalized:
  • naturalized elsewhere

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Bennett, M. 2003. Pulmonarias and the Borage family. 207.
  • Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India. 1948–1976. The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Raw materials. Delhi.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984–. Med-Checklist.
  • Hara, H. et al. 1978–1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  • Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds.
  • Johnston, I. M. 1952. Studies in the Boraginaceae, XXIII. A survey of the genus Lithospermum. J. Arnold Arbor. 33:342.
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Pignatti, S. 1982. Flora d'Italia.
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
More:

Check other web resources for Lithospermum officinale L.:

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?22416 (22 December 2014)

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