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Taxon: Allium ampeloprasum L.

Genus: Allium subgenus: Allium section: Allium
Family: Amaryllidaceae subfamily: Allioideae tribe: Allieae. Also placed in: Alliaceae Liliaceae
Nomen number: 2217
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:294. 1753, nom. cons.
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Comments:Name verified on: 11-Jan-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 21-May-2013
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6).
Accessions: 221 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


See also subordinate taxa:


Common names:

  • great-head garlic   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English   [Allium ampeloprasum var. ampeloprasum]
  • Levant garlic   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English   [Allium ampeloprasum var. ampeloprasum]
  • wild leek   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English   [Allium ampeloprasum var. ampeloprasum]
  • ail d'orient   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Allium ampeloprasum var. ampeloprasum]
  • Ackerknoblauch   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Allium ampeloprasum var. ampeloprasum]
  • Sommerlauch   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – German   [Allium ampeloprasum var. ampeloprasum]
  • vild purjolök   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of leek   (fide Allium Crop Sci 89. 2002)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of leek   (fide Allium Crop Sci 89. 2002)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of garlic   (fide Theor Appl Genet 107:4. 2003)
More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Spain - Canary Islands
    Northern Africa: Algeria [n.]; Egypt; Libya [n.]; Morocco; Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia
    Western Asia: Cyprus; Egypt - Sinai; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Ireland; United Kingdom
    East Europe: Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Former Yugoslavia; Greece [incl. Crete]; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Portugal; Spain [incl. Baleares]

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - New York [Suffock Co.], Ohio, West Virginia
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois [s.], Oklahoma
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas

      Cultivated:
  • AFRICA
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India [n.w.]
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia
  • EUROPE
    Southeastern Europe: Greece; Italy
    Southwestern Europe: France
    Europe
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Mexico
    United States
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Southern South America: Chile

References:

  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976–. Flora of Libya.
  • Boulos, L. 1999–. Flora of Egypt.
  • Brewster, J. L. 1994. Onions and other vegetable alliums. Crop Prod. Sci. Hort. 3:11.
  • Brummitt, R. K. 1999. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 48. Taxon 48:362. [conservation proposal recommended].
  • Chester, E. W. et al. 1993–1997. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Diggs, G. M., Jr. et al. 2006–. Illustrated flora of East Texas.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Figliuolo, G. & D. Di Stefano. 2007. Is single bulb producing garlic Allium sativum or Allium ampeloprasum? Sci. Hort. 114:243–249.
  • Figliuolo, G. et al. 2001. Genetic evaluation of cultivated garlic germplasm (Allium sativum L. and A. ampeloprasum L. Euphytica 325–334.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Fritsch, R. M. & N. Friesen. 2002. Chapter 1. Evolution, domestication and taxonomy. 9 In: Rabinowitch, H. D. & L. Currah, eds., Allium crop science: recent advances. 9.
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 4:2263–2267.
  • Hanelt, P. 1996. (1258) Proposal to conserve the name Allium ampeloprasum against A. porrum (Liliaceae). Taxon 45:691.
  • Havey, M. J. 1991. Phylogenetic relationships among cultivated Allium species from restriction enzyme analysis of the chloroplast genome. Theor. Appl. Genet. 81:752–757.
  • Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres.
  • Jones, R. L. 2005. Plant life of Kentucky: an illustrated guide to the vascular flora.
  • Kik, C. 2002. Chapter 4. Exploitation of wild relatives for the breeding of cultivated Allium species. 89–91 In: Rabinowitch, H. D. & L. Currah, eds., Allium crop science: recent advances. 89–91.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Li, Q.-Q. et al. 2010. Phylogeny and biogeography of Allium (Amaryllidaceae: Allieae) based on nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer and chloroplast rps16 sequences, focusing on the inclusion of species endemic to China. Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 106:709–733.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles. 1999. Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York.
  • Mansfeld, R. 1959. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2.
  • Mathew, B. 1996. A review of Allium sect. Allium.
  • Meikle, R. D. 1977–1985. Flora of Cyprus.
  • Messiaen, C.-M. et al. 1993. Les Allium alimentaires reproduits par voie végétative. 1–230.
  • Mohlenbrock, R. H. & D. M. Ladd. 1978. Distribution of Illinois vascular plants.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970–. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962–1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica.
  • Ricroch, A. et al. 2005. Evolution of genome size across some cultivated Allium species. Genome 48:511–520.
  • Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables. 8:62 In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 8:62.
  • Silva, L. et al. 2005. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta).
  • Smith, E. B. 1978. An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas.
  • Stearn, W. T. 1944. Notes on the genus Allium in the Old World. Herbertia 11:11–34.
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966–. Flora of Iraq.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Valdés, B. et al., eds. 2002. Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du nord du Maroc, incluant des clés d'identification.
  • Weakley, A. S. 2011. Flora of the southern and middle Atlantic states.
  • Yanagino, T. et al. 2003. Production and characterization of an interspecific hybrid between leek and garlic. Theor. Appl. Genet. 107:1–5.
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Allium ampeloprasum L.:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?2217 (21 October 2014)

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