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Taxon: Lepidium virginicum L.

Genus: Lepidium
Family: Brassicaceae (alt. Cruciferae) tribe: Lepidieae.
Nomen number: 21770
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:645. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 15-Oct-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 15-Oct-2010
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7).
Accessions: 3 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


See also subordinate taxa:


Common names:

  • least pepperwort   (Source: BSBI ) – English
  • peppergrass   (Source: Food Feed Crops US ) – English
  • poor-man's pepperweed   (Source: L New Mex [as Lepidium virginicum var. pubescens]) – English   [Lepidium virginicum subsp. menziesii]
  • poor-man's-pepper   (Source: Glea Cron ed2 ) – English
  • Virginia cress   (Source: F Utah ed2 ) – English
  • Virginia pepper cress   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • Virginia pepperweed   (Source: Names Beetle ) – English
  • virginische Kresse   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • mastruço   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • mastruz   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • menstruz   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • cresón   (Source: Esp Veg Prom ) – Spanish (Peru)
  • mancuerno   (Source: Esp Veg Prom ) – Spanish (Peru)
  • escobilla   (Source: Esp Veg Prom ) – Spanish (Venezuela)
  • virginiakrassing   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
More:

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Eastern Canada: Canada - Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    Western Canada: Canada - British Columbia [s.w.]
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Wisconsin
    Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, Texas
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah
    Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja Norte, Baja Sur, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, San Luis Potosi, Sonora
    Southern Mexico: Mexico - Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Yucatan
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Caribbean: Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Bahamas; Barbados; Cayman Islands; Cuba; Dominica; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Hispaniola; Jamaica; Martinique; Montserrat; Netherlands Antilles; Puerto Rico; St. Kitts and Nevis; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and Grenadines; Trinidad and Tobago; Virgin Islands (British); Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores; Spain - Canary Islands
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia
    Southern Africa: South Africa
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia
    Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Primorye
    China: China
    Eastern Asia: Japan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Pakistan
    Malesia: Philippines
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia
    New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Finland [s.]; Norway [s.]
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    East Europe: Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Ukraine - Krym
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Croatia; Greece; Italy [incl. Sicily]; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain
  • PACIFIC
    North-Central Pacific: U.S. Outlying Islands - Midway Islands; United States - Hawaii
    Northwestern Pacific: Guam; Micronesia; Northern Mariana Islands; Palau
    South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia
    Southwestern Pacific: New Caledonia; Niue; Tonga
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Northern South America: French Guiana; Suriname
    Brazil: Brazil
    Western South America: Ecuador - Galapagos Islands; Peru
    Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Paraguay

References:

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong. 2012. Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98.
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961–. Flora of New Zealand.
  • Allred, Kelly W. 2008. Flora Neomexicana I: The vascular plants of New Mexico, an annotated checklist to the names of vascular plants with synonymy and bibliography.
  • Balick, M. J. et al. 2000. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize, with common names and uses. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 85.
  • Beetle, A. A. 1970. Recommended plant names. Univ. Wyoming Agr. Exp. Sta. Res. J. 31.
  • Boelcke, O. 1986. Notas sobre Cruciferas argentinas: 2. Dos nuevas especies chaquenas del género Lepidium y sinopsis de sus especies en el NE argentino y paises vecinos. Parodiana 4:54.
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45.
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988)
  • CONABIO. Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad en Mexico. Sistema Integrado de Información Taxonómica (SIIT) (on-line resource).
  • Correa, J. E. & H. Y. Bernal. 1991. Especies vegetales promisorias de los paises del Convenio Andres Bello. 6:209–211.
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas.
  • Cronquist, A. et al. 1972–. Intermountain flora.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • Eriksson, O. et al. 1979. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2.
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource).
  • Funk, V. et al. 2007. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55:1-584.
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2.
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984–. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989–. Flora of Ethiopia. (and Eritrea. 2000)
  • Hewson, H. J. 1981. The genus Lepidium L. (Brassicaceae) in Australia. Brunonia 4:274.
  • Hitchcock, C. L. et al. 1955–1969. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest.
  • Hokche, O. et al. 2008. Nuevo catálogo de la flora vascular de Venezola.
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource).
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993–. Flora of Japan.
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972–. Atlas florae europaeae.
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75.
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. [with five varieties].
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Macbride, J. F. et al., eds. 1936–1971. Flora of Peru.; new ser. 1980-
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Miller, A. G. & T. A. Cope. 1996–. Flora of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra.
  • Missouri Botanical Garden. W³Tropicos (on-line resource).
  • Mouterde, P. 1966–. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  • Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck. 1959. A California flora.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970–. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  • Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rollins, R. C. 1993. The Cruciferae of continental North America.
  • Scoggan, H. J. 1978–1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  • Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. 1993–. Flora of India.
  • Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource).
  • Welsh, S. L. et al. 1993. A Utah flora.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. 1996. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74., 1999
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Lepidium virginicum L.:


Images:

  • GRIN Images of germplasm accessions.
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds or fruits: Seed ID Workshop image, from Department of Horticulture and Crop Science, Ohio State University
More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?21770 (24 October 2014)

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