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  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standl.

Genus: Lagenaria
Family: Cucurbitaceae tribe: Benincaseae
Nomen number: 21385
Place of publication: Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 3(3):435. 1930
Name verified on: 19-Sep-2000 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 29-Nov-2006
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9).
Accessions: 452 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

Common names:

  • bottle gourd   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • calabash   (Source: CRC MedHerbs ed2 ) – English
  • calabash gourd   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • white-flower gourd   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • hu lu   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • calebassier   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • gourde bouteille   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • Flaschenkürbis   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • gewöhnlicher Flaschenkürbis   (Source: Zander ed16 ) – German
  • Kalebasse   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • dudhi   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – India
  • hyōtan   (Source: F Japan ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • bag   (Source: Kulturpflanze 34:105) – Transcribed Korean
  • cabaco   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • acocote   (Source: F NGalicia ) – Spanish
  • cajombre   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • calabaza   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • guiro amargo   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • flaskkurbits   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

  • Human food: vegetable   (young fruits fide Pl Res SEAs 8:191. 1993; Cornucopia)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for watermelon   (fide ScientHort 127:108. 2010)
  • Materials: carved material   (shells of fruits for containers, musical instruments fide Biol Cucurb 326. 1990; fishing floats, Econ Bot 53:101. 1999)
  • Medicines: folklore   (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals   (fide Kellerman et al., as Lagenaria leucantha)

Distributional range:

    South Tropical Africa: Zimbabwe

  • widely naturalized in tropics

  • origin paleotropics


  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  • Burkill, H. M. 1985–2004. The useful plants of west tropical Africa.
  • Chakravarty, H. L. 1990. Cucurbits of India and their role in the development of vegetable crops. P. 326 in: Bates, D. M. et al., Biology and utilization of the Cucurbitaceae.
  • Colla, G. et al. 2010. The effectiveness of grafting to improve alkalinity tolerance in watermelon. Environm. Exp. Bot. 68:283–291.
  • Decker-Walters, D. S. et al. 2004. Discovery and genetic assessment of wild bottle gourd [Lagenaria siceraria (Mol.) Standley; Cucurbitaceae] from Zimbabwe. Econ. Bot. 58:501–508.
  • Decker-Walters, D. S. 1999. Cucurbit, Sanskrit, and the Indo-Aryas. Econ. Bot. 53:101.
  • Decker-Walters, D. et al. 2001. Diversity in landraces and cultivars of bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria; Cucurbitaceae) as assessed by random amplified polymorphic DNA. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 48:369–380.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2000. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960–. Flora zambesiaca.
  • Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989–. Flora of Ethiopia. (and Eritrea. 2000)
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993–. Flora of Japan.
  • Jardin botanique national de Belgique. 1967–. Flore du Congo, du Rwanda et du Burundi (Flore d'Afrique centrale).
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  • Kawaide, T. 1985. Utilization of rootstocks in Cucurbits production in Japan. Jap. Agric. Res. Quart. 18:285–288.
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953–1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  • King, S. R. et al. 2010. Genetics, breeding and selection of rootstocks for Solanaceae and Cucurbitaceae. Sci. Hort. 127:106–111.
  • Kistler, L. et al. 2014. Transoceanic drift and the domestication of African bottle gourds in the Americas. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. DOI/10.1073/pnas.1318678111. [this study supports "an African ancestry for ancient New World gourd lineages", and based on an evolutionary rate (of 1 x 10-9 substitutions per site per year), it dated that ancient New World gourds arrived before domestication].
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • McVaugh, R. 1983–. Flora Novo-Galiciana.
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:105.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables. In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 8:191.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).


Check other web resources for Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standl.:

Check other web resources for images:

  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (26 November 2015)

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