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Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

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Taxon: Lactuca serriola L.

Genus: Lactuca section: Lactuca
Family: Asteraceae (alt. Compositae) subfamily: Cichorioideae tribe: Cichorieae subtribe: Lactucinae
Nomen number: 21365
Place of publication: Cent. pl. II:29. 1756 (Amoen. acad. 4:328. 1759)
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
  • authorship often attributed to Torner
  • doubtfully distinct from L. sativa L.
Name verified on: 02-Oct-1996 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 30-Oct-2007
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6).
Accessions: 344 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • compassplant   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • milk thistle   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • prickly lettuce   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • scarole   (Source: Zander Ency ) – English
  • khass el-baqar   (Source: F Egypt ) – Arabic
  • khass el-homar   (Source: F Egypt ) – Arabic
  • laitue sauvage   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • Kompass-Lattich   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • Stachellattich   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • wilder Lattich   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • alface-silvestre   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • alface-de-espinho   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • escarola   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • lechuga espinaca   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • taggsallat   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental   (fide Dict Gard; Pl Book)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of lettuce   (fide Amer J Bot 85:1528. 1998; 88:1881. 2001)
  • Medicines: folklore   (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals   (fide Kingsbury, as Lactuca scariola)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant   (fide Geigy Weed Tables. 1968)

Distributional range:

    Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Morocco; Tunisia
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia
    Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Egypt - Sinai; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Altay, Kemerovo, Kurgan, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Tuva, Tyumen [s.]
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    China: China - Xinjiang
    Indian Subcontinent: India - Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir [n.], Uttar Pradesh; Pakistan
    Northern Europe: Denmark; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Slovakia; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece [incl. Crete]; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Portugal; Spain [incl. Baleares]

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
    South Tropical Africa: Zimbabwe
    Southern Africa: Botswana; Lesotho; South Africa
    Australia: Australia
    New Zealand: New Zealand
    Northern Europe: Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden
    Middle Europe: Poland
    East Europe: Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania
    Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, Texas
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah
    Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja Norte, Coahuila, Sonora
    Southern Mexico: Mexico - Federal District, Guanajuato, Mexico, Michoacan, Queretaro
    Brazil: Brazil
    Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Paraguay; Uruguay

  • also cultivated




Check other web resources for Lactuca serriola L.:


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (04 October 2015)

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