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Taxon: Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers.

Genus: Kalanchoe section: Bryophyllum
Family: Crassulaceae subfamily: Sedoideae tribe: Kalanchoeae
Nomen number: 21076
Place of publication: Syn. pl. 1:446. 1805
Name verified on: 29-Nov-2005 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 29-Nov-2005
No species priority site assigned.


Common names:

  • airplant   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • cathedral-bells   (Source: Zander ed17 [as Bryophyllum pinnatum]) – English
  • curtainplant   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • floppers   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • good-luck-leaf   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • lifeplant   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • Mexican loveplant   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • miracle-leaf   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • mother-in-law   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • tree-of-life   (Source: CRC MedHerbs ed2 [as Bryophyllum pinnatum]) – English
  • Schwiegermutterpflanze   (Source: Zander ed17 [as Bryophyllum pinnatum]) – German
  • hoja del aire   (Source: Esp Veg Prom [as Bryophyllum pinnatum]) – Spanish
  • fjäderkalankoe   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

    Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
    Macaronesia: Cape Verde; Portugal - Azores, Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    Western Indian Ocean: Mauritius; Reunion; Seychelles
    China: China
    Eastern Asia: Japan - Ryukyu Islands; Taiwan
    Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; Nepal; Sri Lanka
    North Indian Ocean: British Indian Ocean Terr - Diego Garcia
    Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines
    Australia: Australia
    New Zealand: New Zealand
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida
    Southern Mexico: Mexico - Chiapas, Hidalgo, Veracruz, Yucatan
    North-Central Pacific: U.S. Outlying Islands - Midway Islands; United States - Hawaii
    Northwestern Pacific: Guam; Micronesia; Palau; U.S. Outlying Islands - Wake Island
    South-Central Pacific: Cook Islands; French Polynesia
    Southwestern Pacific: American Samoa; Fiji; Kiribati - Gilbert Islands; Nauru; New Caledonia; Niue; Solomon Islands; Tonga
    Caribbean: West Indies
    Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    Brazil: Brazil
    Western South America: Ecuador - Galapagos Islands; Peru
    Southern South America: Argentina - Corrientes

  • also cultivated


  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong. 2012. Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98.
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. 1976–. Flores des Mascareignes.
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45.
  • Correa, J. E. & H. Y. Bernal. 1989–1998. Especies vegetales promisorias de los paises del Convenio Andres Bello. [= Bryophyllum pinnatum].
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. [= Bryophyllum pinnatum].
  • Eggli, U., ed. 2003. Illustrated handbook of succulent plants: Crassulaceae. 169.
  • El-Hadidi, M. N. & M. S. Abdallah. 1980–. Flora of Egypt. [= Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Oken].
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. [= Bryophyllum pinnatum].
  • Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource).
  • Funk, V. et al. 2007. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55:1-584.
  • García, J. M. & L. L. Chávez. 2003. Las Crasuláceas de México.
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984–. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim.
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953–1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. [= Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Oken].
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1. In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 12(1):166.
  • Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. 1948–. Flora malesiana.


Check other web resources for Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers.:

Check other web resources for images:

  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (27 November 2015)

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