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Taxon: Juniperus virginiana L.

Genus: Juniperus
Family: Cupressaceae
Nomen number: 20878
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1039. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 13-Jul-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 13-Jul-2007
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA).
Accessions: 34 in National Plant Germplasm System.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • coast juniper   (Source: Monog Cupressaceae ) – English   [Juniperus virginiana var. silicicola]
  • coastal red-cedar   (Source: F NAmer ) – English   [Juniperus virginiana var. silicicola]
  • eastern red-cedar   (Source: F NAmer ) – English   [Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana]
  • eastern red-cedar   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • pencil-cedar   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • pencil-cedar   (Source: Monog Cupressaceae ) – English   [Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana]
  • red juniper   (Source: Monog Cupressaceae ) – English   [Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana]
  • red juniper   (Source: Trees US ) – English
  • red-cedar   (Source: HerbSpices ) – English
  • red-cedar   (Source: Monog Cupressaceae ) – English   [Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana]
  • red-cedar   (Source: Monog Cupressaceae ) – English   [Juniperus virginiana var. silicicola]
  • sand-cedar   (Source: Monog Cupressaceae ) – English   [Juniperus virginiana var. silicicola]
  • southern red-cedar   (Source: F NAmer ) – English   [Juniperus virginiana var. silicicola]
  • Virginia juniper   (Source: BSBI ) – English
  • Virginia-cedar   (Source: Gen Juniperus ) – English   [Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana]
  • potloodseder   (Source: Weeds SAfr 2001 ) – Afrikaans
  • rooiseder   (Source: Weeds SAfr 2001 ) – Afrikaans
  • bei mei yuan bai   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • cèdre rouge   (Source: F NAmer ) – French   [Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana]
  • cèdre rouge   (Source: Monog Cupressaceae ) – French
  • genévrier de Virginie   (Source: HerbSpices ) – French
  • savin   (Source: Monog Cupressaceae ) – French
  • savin   (Source: Monog Cupressaceae ) – French   [Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana]
  • virginischer Wacholder   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • ginepro della Virginia   (Source: Mult Glossary Trees ) – Italian
  • yeonpilhyangnamu   (Source: F Korea ) – Transcribed Korean
  • blyerts-en   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop diseases   (cedar apple rust fide Compendium of apple and pear diseases 11. 1990. APS)
  • Environmental: ornamental   (fide Monog Cupressaceae)
  • Materials: essential oils   (in perfumery & as clearing agent fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Materials: wood   (timber fide F Eur)
  • Medicines: folklore   (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Social: religious/secular   (Christmas tree fide AH 519)

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • naturalized elsewhere

  • also cultivated


  • Adams, R. P. 2000. Systematics of smooth leaf margin Juniperus of the western hemisphere based on essential oils and RAPD DNA fingerprinting. Biochem. Syst. & Ecol. 28:149–162.
  • Adams, R. P. 2008. Junipers of the world: the genus Juniperus, ed. 2.
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  • Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. 1986–1987. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America. 2:417. [with two varieties].
  • Farjon, A. 2005. A monograph of Cupressaceae and Sciadopitys. 396–397.
  • Henderson, L. 2001. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • International Seed Testing Association. 1971. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 2. Trees.
  • Jones, A. L. & H. S. Aldwinckle. 1990. Compendium of apple and pear diseases. P. 11 in: American Phytopathological Society, The disease compendium series.
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. [with two varieties].
  • Lee, Y. N. 1997. Flora of Korea.
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2.
  • Little, E. L., Jr. 1978. Important forest trees of the United States.
  • Little, E. L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Silba, J. 1986. Encyclopaedia Coniferae. Phytologia Mem. 8:101–102.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).


Check other web resources for Juniperus virginiana L.:


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (26 November 2015)

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