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Taxon: Juniperus procera Hochst. ex Endl.

Genus: Juniperus
Family: Cupressaceae
Nomen number: 20854
Place of publication: Syn. conif. 26. 1847
Name verified on: 11-Jul-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 12-Aug-2010
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA).


Common names:

  • African juniper   (Source: Dict Gard ) – English
  • African pencil-cedar   (Source: Monog Cupressaceae ) – English
  • East African juniper   (Source: Phytol Mem ) – English
  • East African-cedar   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • Kenya-cedar   (Source: HerbSpices ) – English
  • arar   (Source: Monog Cupressaceae ) – Transliterated Arabic
  • birbirssa   (Source: Monog Cupressaceae ) – Transliterated Arabic (Ethiopia)
  • tedh   (Source: Monog Cupressaceae ) – Transliterated Arabic (Ethiopia)
  • deyib   (Source: Monog Cupressaceae ) – Transliterated Arabic (Somalia)
  • junípero   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)

Economic importance:

Distributional range:

    Northeast Tropical Africa: Djibouti; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    West-Central Tropical Africa: Congo; Zaire [e.]
    South Tropical Africa: Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia; Yemen

  • also cultivated


  • Adams, R. P. 1999. Systematics of the multi-seeded eastern hemisphere Juniperus based on leaf essential oils and RAPD DNA fingerprinting. Biochem. Syst. & Ecol. 27:709–725.
  • Adams, R. P. 2008. Junipers of the world: the genus Juniperus, ed. 2.
  • Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. 1986–1987. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols.
  • Farjon, A. 2005. A monograph of Cupressaceae and Sciadopitys. 348–349.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Miller, A. G. & T. A. Cope. 1996–. Flora of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Silba, J. 1986. Encyclopaedia Coniferae. Phytologia Mem. 8:97.
  • Teketay, D. 1993. Problems associated with raising trees from seeds. the Ethiopian experience. P. 95 in: Lieth, H & M. Lohmann, eds., Restoration of tropical forest ecosystems.
  • Thulin, M., ed. 1993–. Flora of Somalia.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa.

Check other web resources for Juniperus procera Hochst. ex Endl.:


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (06 October 2015)

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