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Taxon: Juncus effusus L.

Genus: Juncus
Family: Juncaceae.
Nomen number: 20791
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:326. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 21-Sep-2000 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Arctic and Subarctic Plant Gene Bank (PALM).
Accessions: 4 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


SPECIES RESTRICTED AS A STATE NOXIOUS WEED
A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
PR*.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

See also subordinate taxa:


Common names:

  • soft rush   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • jonc à lier   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • jonc épars   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • Flatterbinse   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • junco   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • juncus-macio   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • junquera   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • veketåg   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores, Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    Northern Africa: Algeria; Morocco
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Rwanda
    South Tropical Africa: Zimbabwe
    Southern Africa: Lesotho; South Africa - Cape Province, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Transvaal
    Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar; Mauritius
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Iran; Iraq; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Altay, Gorno-Altay
    China: China - Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jilin, Liaoning, Shandong, Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang
    Eastern Asia: Taiwan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece [incl. Crete]; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Portugal; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Subarctic America: United States - Alaska
    Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    Western Canada: Canada - British Columbia, Manitoba
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Wisconsin
    Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California, Nevada
    Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja Norte, Durango, Sinaloa
    Southern Mexico: Mexico - Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Federal District, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Tabasco, Veracruz
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Caribbean: Guadeloupe; Haiti
    Mesoamerica: Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras
    Northern South America: Venezuela
    Brazil: Brazil
    Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru
    Southern South America: Argentina - Catamarca, Rio Negro, Salta, Tierra del Fuego, Tucuman; Chile

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia
    New Zealand: New Zealand
  • PACIFIC
    North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii

      Cultivated:
  • also cultivated

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Balslev, H. 1996. Juncaceae. Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 68:88.
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45.
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988)
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Dyer, R. A. et al., eds. 1963–. Flora of southern Africa.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource).
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  • Kirschner, J. 2002. Juncaceae 3: Juncus subg. Agathryon. 8:88–94 In: Orchard, A. E., ed., Species Plantarum: Flora of the World. Canberra. 8:88–94.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. 2000–. Flora of Siberia (English translation).
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • McVaugh, R. 1983–. Flora Novo-Galiciana.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Sell, P. & G. Murrell. 1996–. Flora of Great Britain and Ireland.
  • Silva, L. et al. 2005. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta).
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Wagner, W. L. et al. 1990. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i.
  • Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. 1996. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74., 1999
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Juncus effusus L.:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?20791 (18 April 2014)

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