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  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Juglans nigra L.

Genus: Juglans section: Rhysocaryon
Family: Juglandaceae.
Nomen number: 20762
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:997. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 15-Jul-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 15-Jul-2010
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV).
Accessions: 27 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


Common names:

  • black walnut   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • noyer noir   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • noyer noir d'Amérique   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – French
  • schwarze Walnuß   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • Schwarznuß   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – German
  • nogueira-preta   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • nogal americano   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • nogal negro   (Source: Pl Names ) – Spanish
  • svart valnöt   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
More:

Economic importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental   (fide Eur Gard F)
  • Environmental: shade/shelter   (fide AH 519)
  • Human food: nut   (fide T. S. Elias, Trees N. Amer. 269. 1980)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for English walnut   (for some cultivars fide Dict Gard)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of black walnut   (fide Genome Map Mol Breed 7:189-198. 2007)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of English walnut   (based on natural hybrids with Juglans regia (male parent) fide Mol Breed 24:322, 333. 2009)
  • Materials: abrasive   (fide GenomeMap MolecBreed 7:193. 2007)
  • Materials: beads   (fide Bot Beads World; as web document)
  • Materials: wood   (fide AH 519)
  • Medicines: folklore   (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
More:

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario [s.]
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Massachusetts [w.], Michigan [s.], New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont [w.], West Virginia
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas [e. & c.], Minnesota [s.], Missouri, Nebraska [e.], Oklahoma, South Dakota [e.], Wisconsin
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida [n.w.], Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana [n.], Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas

      Cultivated:
  • also cultivated

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Browne, E. T. & R. Athey. 1992. Vascular plants of Kentucky: an annotated checklist.
  • Clewell, A. F. 1985. Guide to the vascular plants of the Florida panhandle.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Duke, J. A. 1989. Handbook of Nuts. CRC Press.
  • Elias, T.S. 1980. The complete trees of North America: a field guide and natural history. 269.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Fernald, M. L. 1950. Gray's manual of botany, ed. 8.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Grimshaw, J. M. 2003. Juglans, notes on the temperate species. Int. Dendrol. Soc. Year Book 107–130.
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • IPGRI. New World Fruits Database (on-line resource).
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Little, E. L., Jr. 1978. Important forest trees of the United States.
  • Little, E. L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541.
  • Manning, W. E. 1957. The genus Juglans in Mexico and Central America. J. Arnold Arbor. 38:121–150.
  • Mansfeld, R. 1959. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • McGranahan, G. & C. Leslie. 2009. Breeding walnuts (Juglans regia). 249–273 In: Jain, S. M. & P.M. Priyadarshan, eds., Breeding plantation tree crops: temperate species. 249–273.
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Michler, C. H. et al. 2007. Chapter 6. Black Walnut. 7:189–198 In: Kole. C., ed., Genome mapping and molecular breeding in plants (7 vols.). 7:189–198.
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  • Ownbey, G. B. & T. Morley. 1991. Vascular plants of Minnesota: a checklist and atlas.
  • Pollegioni, P. et al. 2009. Retrospective identification of hybridogenic walnut plants by SSR fingerprinting and parentage anlysis. Molec. Breed. 24:321–335.
  • Pollegioni, P. et al. 2013. Barriers to interspecific hybridization between Juglans nigra L. and J. regia L. species. Tree Genet. Genomes 9:291–305.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Potter, D. et al. 2002. Defining the sources of Paradox: DNA sequence markers for North American walnut (Juglans L.) species and hybrids. Sci. Hort. 94:157–170.
  • Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  • Rehder, A. 1949. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Seymour, F. 1969. The flora of New England.
  • Smith, E. B. 1978. An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas.
  • Smith, R. J. Botanical beads of the world (on-line resource).
  • Stanford, A. M. et al. 2000. Phylogeny and biogeography of Juglans (Juglandaceae) based on matK and ITS sequence data. Amer. J. Bot. 87:872–882.
  • Stone, D. E. et al. 2009. Natural history, distribution, phylogenetic relationships, and conservation of Central American black walnuts (Juglans sect. Rhysocaryon). J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 136:1–25.
  • Voss, E. 1972–. Michigan flora.
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986–. European garden flora.
  • Wherry, E. T. et al. 1979. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania.
More:

Check other web resources for Juglans nigra L.:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?20762 (23 July 2014)

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