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Taxon: Juglans cinerea L.

Genus: Juglans section: Trachycaryon
Family: Juglandaceae.
Nomen number: 20732
Place of publication: Syst. nat. ed. 10, 2:1273. 1759
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 15-Jul-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 15-Jul-2010
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis (COR).
Accessions: 27 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • only available ) NPGS core subset accessions for the crop ‘WALNUT’ ) or .
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


Common names:

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Economic importance:

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Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick [s.w.], Ontario [s.], Quebec [s.]
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine [s.w.], Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota [e.], Missouri, Wisconsin
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama [n.], Arkansas, Delaware, Georgia [n.], Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi [n.], North Carolina [w.], South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia

      Cultivated:
  • also cultivated

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Browne, E. T. & R. Athey. 1992. Vascular plants of Kentucky: an annotated checklist.
  • Deam, C. C. 1940. Flora of Indiana.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Duncan, W. H. & J. T. Kartesz. 1981. Vascular flora of Georgia: an annotated checklist.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Fernald, M. L. 1950. Gray's manual of botany, ed. 8.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6.
  • Hoban, S. M. et al. 2009. Geographically extensive hybridization between the forets trees American butternut and Japanese walnut. Biol. Lett. 5:324–327.
  • Hoban, S. M. et al. 2010. Range-wide distribution of genetic diversity in the North American tree Juglans cinerea: a product of range shifts, not ecological marginality or recent population decline. Molec. Ecol. 19:4876–4891.
  • IPGRI. New World Fruits Database (on-line resource).
  • Jones, G. N. & G. D. Fuller. 1955. Vascular plants of Illinois.
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Little, E. L., Jr. 1978. Important forest trees of the United States.
  • Little, E. L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541.
  • Magness, J. R. et al. 1971. Food and feed crops of the United States. IR Bull. 1.
  • Manning, W. E. 1957. The genus Juglans in Mexico and Central America. J. Arnold Arbor. 38:121–150.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • McCleary, T. S. et al. 2009. Four cleaved amplified polymorphic sequence (CAPS) markers for the detection of the Juglans ailantifolia chloroplast in putatively native J. cinerea populations. Molec. Ecol. Res. 9:525–527.
  • McGranahan, G. & C. Leslie. 2009. Breeding walnuts (Juglans regia). 249–273 In: Jain, S. M. & P.M. Priyadarshan, eds., Breeding plantation tree crops: temperate species. 249–273.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Michler, C. H. et al. 2005. Improving disease resistance of butternut (Juglans cinerea), a threatened fine hardwood: a case for a single-tree selection through genetic improvement and deployment. Tree Physiol. 26:121–128.
  • Mitchell, R. S., ed. 1986. A checklist of New York state plants. New York State Mus. Bull. 458.
  • Ownbey, G. B. & T. Morley. 1991. Vascular plants of Minnesota: a checklist and atlas.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  • Rehder, A. 1949. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Rosengarten, F. 1984. The book of edible nuts.
  • Smith, E. B. 1978. An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas.
  • Stanford, A. M. et al. 2000. Phylogeny and biogeography of Juglans (Juglandaceae) based on matK and ITS sequence data. Amer. J. Bot. 87:872–882.
  • Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri.
  • Voss, E. 1972–. Michigan flora.
  • Wherry, E. T. et al. 1979. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania.
  • Zhao, P. & K. E. Woeste. 2011. DNA markers identify hybrids between butternut (Juglans cinerea L.) and Japanese walnut (Juglans ailantifolia Carr.). Tree Genet. Genomes 7:511–533.
More:

Check other web resources for Juglans cinerea L.:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?20732 (23 April 2014)

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