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Taxon: Ischaemum rugosum Salisb.

Genus: Ischaemum
Family: Poaceae (alt. Gramineae) subfamily: Panicoideae tribe: Andropogoneae.
Nomen number: 20489
Place of publication: Icon. stirp. rar. 1, t. 1. 1791
Name verified on: 15-Dec-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 22-May-2003
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9).

NO ACCESSIONS IN NPGS UNDER THIS NAME.

SPECIES RESTRICTED AS A FEDERAL AND STATE NOXIOUS WEED
A declared noxious weed by USDA-APHIS.
A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
AL*, FL*, MA*, NC*.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

Common names:

  • murain grass   (Source: USDA/APHIS ) – English
  • muraino grass   (Source: NPB State Noxweed FL [http://nationalplantboard.org/docs/summaries/florida.pdf]) – English
  • ribbed muraina grass   (Source: F NAmer FL) – English
  • saramatta grass   (Source: Pl Res SEAs 4:146.) – English
  • wrinkled duck-beak   (Source: Pl Res SEAs 4:146.) – English
  • wrinkled grass   (Source: Pl Res SEAs 4:146.) – English
  • capim-macho   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • capim-pelego   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • mata-colono   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

      Native:
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    China: China - Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Sichuan, Yunnan
    Eastern Asia: Taiwan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal; Pakistan - Punjab; Sri Lanka
    Indo-China: Myanmar; Thailand
    Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia - Northern Territory [n.], Queensland [e.]

      Naturalized:
  • AFRICA
    West Tropical Africa: Nigeria
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Mexico
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Mesoamerica: Costa Rica
    Northern South America: Venezuela
    Brazil: Brazil - Amapa, Ceara, Goias, Para, Sao Paulo
    Western South America: Colombia

References:

  • 't Mannetje, L. & R. M. Jones, eds. 1992. Forages. 4:146 In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 4:146.
  • Bamidele, J. et al. 2007. Phyto-toxic effects of gasoline on Ischaemum rugosum (Salisb): a wetland species. Amer. J. Pl. Physiol. 2:276–281.
  • Bor, N. L. 1960. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan.
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980–. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource).
  • George, A. S., ed. 1980–. Flora of Australia.
  • Giraldo-Cañas, D. 2011. Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia. Darwiniana 49:139–247.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Hara, H. et al. 1978–1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  • Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds.
  • Holttum, R. E. et al. 1953–1971. A revised flora of Malaya.
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953–1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  • Koyama, T. 1987. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions.
  • Lazarides, M. 1980. The tropical grasses of Southeast Asia.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970–. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  • National Plant Board. 2008–. National Plant Board federal and state quarantine summaries.
  • Plant Protection and Quarantine Office. United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Federal noxious weed list (on-line resource).
  • Rodenburg, J. et al. 2011. Challenges for weed management in African rice systems in a changing climate. J. Agric. Sci. (Cambridge) 149:427–435.
  • Shukla, U. 1996. Grasses of north-eastern India.
  • Smith, A. C. 1979–1991. Flora vitiensis nova.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  • Villaseñor, J. L. & F. J. Espinoza-Garcia. 2004. The alien flowering plants of Mexico. Diversity & Distrib. 10:113–123.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): III. Subfamilies Panicoideae, Aristidoideae, Arundinoideae, and Danthonioideae. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 46:276. [introduced].
More:

Check other web resources for Ischaemum rugosum Salisb.:

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • CNWG: Catalogue of New World Grasses Searchable Database
  • World Grass Species-Descriptions: Morphological species description from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AusGrass2: Australian grass data from Bryan K. Simon’s on-line database
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?20489 (24 April 2014)

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