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Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area

Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

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Taxon: Ilex opaca Aiton

Genus: Ilex
Family: Aquifoliaceae.
Nomen number: 19755
Place of publication: Hort. kew. 1:169. 1789
Name verified on: 06-Nov-1985 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA).
Accessions: 5 in National Plant Germplasm System.


See also subordinate taxa:


Common names:

  • American holly   (Source: AH 519 ) – English
  • white holly   (Source: Trees US ) – English
  • amerikanische Stechpalme   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
      Cultivated:
  • also cultivated

References:

  • Clark, R. C. 1971. The woody plants of Alabama. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 58:197.
  • Clewell, A. F. 1985. Guide to the vascular plants of the Florida panhandle.
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Eisenbeiss, G. K. & T. R. Dudley. 1973. International checklist of cultivated Ilex. Part 1. Ilex opaca. Natl. Arbor. Contr. 3:1–85.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • Galle, F. C. 1997. Hollies. The genus Ilex.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. [with two varieties].
  • Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976).
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Little, E. L., Jr. 1978. Important forest trees of the United States.
  • Little, E. L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541.
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  • Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  • Rehder, A. 1949. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs.
  • Seymour, F. 1969. The flora of New England.
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Ilex opaca Aiton:

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP: North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Ilex opaca cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?19755 (22 December 2014)

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