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Taxon: Hyparrhenia rufa (Nees) Stapf

Genus: Hyparrhenia
Family: Poaceae (alt. Gramineae) subfamily: Panicoideae tribe: Andropogoneae.
Nomen number: 19550
Place of publication: D. Prain, Fl. trop. Afr. 9:304. 1919
Name verified on: 05-Oct-2000 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 05-Oct-2000
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9).
Accessions: 3 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


Common names:

  • giant thatching grass   (Source: Grass SAfr ) – English
  • jaragua grass   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • geelaartamboekiegras   (Source: Grass SAfr ) – Afrikaans
  • braunes Deckgras   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • Jaraguagras   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • capim-jaraguá   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • jaraguá   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • yaragua   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

      Native:
  • AFRICA
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia; Sudan
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania [incl. Pemba, Zanzibar]; Uganda
    West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Zaire
    West Tropical Africa: Benin; Burkina Faso; Cote D'Ivoire; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Mali; Mauritania; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Togo
    Southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia; South Africa - Transvaal; Swaziland
    Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • AFRICA
    Western Indian Ocean: Mauritius
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indo-China: Myanmar
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    United States [s.e.]
  • PACIFIC
    North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    Southwestern Pacific: Fiji
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Caribbean: West Indies
    South America [tropical]

      Cultivated:
  • AFRICA
    Western Indian Ocean: Mauritius
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    China: China
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    United States [s.e.]
  • PACIFIC
    Southwestern Pacific: Fiji
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Caribbean: West Indies
    South America [tropical]

References:

  • Arnold, T. H. & B. C. De Wet, eds. 1993. Plants of southern Africa: names and distribution. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa no. 62.
  • Bor, N. L. 1960. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan.
  • Burkill, H. M. 1994. The useful plants of west tropical Africa. 2:266–267.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Gibbs-Russell, G. E. et al. 1990. Grasses of southern Africa. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa vol. 58.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989–. Flora of Ethiopia. (and Eritrea. 2000)
  • Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds.
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953–1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  • Kress, W. J. et al. 2003. A checklist of the trees, shrubs, herbs, and climbers of Myanmar. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 45.
  • Lazarides, M. 1980. The tropical grasses of Southeast Asia.
  • Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Smith, A. C. 1979–1991. Flora vitiensis nova.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  • Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Zon, A. P. M. van der. 1992. Graminées du Cameroun.
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Hyparrhenia rufa (Nees) Stapf:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?19550 (28 November 2014)

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