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Taxon: Hyoscyamus niger L.

Genus: Hyoscyamus
Family: Solanaceae subfamily: Solanoideae tribe: Hyoscyameae.
Nomen number: 19532
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:179. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 20-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7).
Accessions: 12 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


SPECIES RESTRICTED AS A STATE NOXIOUS WEED
A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
CA*, CO*°, ID*°, NM*, NV*, UT*°, WY°.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

Common names:

  • black henbane   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • common henbane   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • henbane   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • hog's-bean   (Source: Der Marderosian ) – English
  • stinking-nightshade   (Source: Dict Gard ) – English
  • tian xian zi   (Source: Y. Zhao, p.c.) – Transcribed Chinese
  • herbe aux dents   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • jusquiame noire   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • schwarzes Bilsenkraut   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • saripul   (Source: Kulturpflanze 34:103.) – Transcribed Korean
  • meimendro-negro   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • beleño negro   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • chupa mieles   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • bolmört   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • AFRICA
    Northern Africa: Algeria [n.]; Morocco; Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Iraq; Lebanon; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia, Western Siberia
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan
    China: China
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India [n.]; Nepal; Pakistan
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Ireland; Sweden [s.]; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]; Malta; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Portugal; Spain

      Naturalized:
  • naturalized in temperate regions

      Cultivated:
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    China: China
    Eastern Asia: Japan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India; Pakistan
  • EUROPE
    Europe
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    United States

      Other:
  • exact native range obscure

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Babu, C. R. 1977. Herbaceous flora of Dehra Dun.
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. 1974. The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables.
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. [poisonous].
  • Cordell, G. A. 1995. Natural products as medicinal and biological agents. Pp. 8–18 in: Seidl, P. R. et al., eds., Chemistry of the Amazon: biodiversity, natural products, and environmental issues.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Der Marderosian, A. & L. Liberti. 1988. Natural product medicine: a scientific guide to foods, drugs, cosmetics.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  • Farnsworth, N. R. & D. D. Soejarto. Global importance of medicinal plants (unpublished draft manuscript rev. 23, 1988)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2.
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6.
  • Hara, H. et al. 1978–1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. [= var. agrestis].
  • Hoare, A. & S. Knapp. 1997. A phylogenetic conspectus of the tribe Hyoscyamae: Solanaceae. Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 27:15.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  • Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire. 1931–1941. Catalogue des plantes du Maroc.
  • Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. [poisonous].
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann. 1985. AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. [poisonous].
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Mouterde, P. 1966–. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:103.
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970–. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  • Pammel, L. H. 1911. Manual of poisonous plants. [poisonous].
  • Pottier-Alapetite, G. 1979–1981. Flore de la Tunisie: Angiospermes-Dicotyledones.
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962–1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Zhao, Y. 1998. pers. comm. [re. common names].
More:

Check other web resources for Hyoscyamus niger L.:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.
Jump to Solanaceae Genomics Network

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?19532 (31 October 2014)

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