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Taxon: Hordeum murinum L.

Genus: Hordeum subgenus: Hordeum section: Trichostachys
Family: Poaceae (alt. Gramineae) subfamily: Pooideae tribe: Triticeae.
Nomen number: 19314
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:85. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 05-Nov-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 04-Jan-2010
Species priority site is: National Small Grains Collection (NSGC).
Accessions: 23 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


See also subordinate taxa:


Common names:

  • false barley   (Source: Grass SAfr ) – English   [Hordeum murinum subsp. murinum]
  • false barley   (Source: R. P. Ellis, p.c.) – English
  • farmer's-foxtail   (Source: F NAmer ) – English   [Hordeum murinum subsp. murinum]
  • mouse barley   (Source: F NAmer ) – English   [Hordeum murinum subsp. leporinum]
  • smooth barley   (Source: F NAmer ) – English   [Hordeum murinum subsp. glaucum]
  • wall barley   (Source: F NAmer ) – English   [Hordeum murinum subsp. murinum]
  • wall barley   (Source: Websters Dict ) – English
  • way barley   (Source: F NAmer ) – English   [Hordeum murinum subsp. murinum]
  • mugi-kusa   (Source: F JapanOhwi ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • cevada-de-ponche-verde   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • cevada-dos-ratos   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • harkorn   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish   [Hordeum murinum subsp. leporinum]
  • spädkorn   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish   [Hordeum murinum subsp. glaucum]
  • vildkorn   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
More:

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

      Native:
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores, Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    Northern Africa: Algeria [n.]; Egypt [n.]; Libya [n.]; Morocco; Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia [n.]
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Egypt - Sinai; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan [s.e.]; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India [n.w.]; Pakistan
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Ireland; Sweden [s.]; United Kingdom [s.]
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    East Europe: Moldova; Russian Federation - Astrakhan, Kalmykia, Volgograd; Ukraine [s. & Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece [incl. Crete]; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Portugal; Spain [incl. Baleares]

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • AFRICA
    Southern Africa: South Africa
    Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Eastern Asia: Japan
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia
    New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Canada [w.]
    Mexico
    United States
  • PACIFIC
    North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Mesoamerica: Guatemala
    Western South America: Bolivia; Peru
    Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Uruguay

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961–. Flora of New Zealand. [= Critesion murinum (L.) A. Love].
  • Bothmer, R. von & N. Jacobsen. 1985. Origin, taxonomy, and related species. 26:33 In: American Society of Agronomy, Agronomy; a series of monographs. 26:33.
  • Bothmer, R. von & N. Jacobsen. 1986. Interspecific crosses in Hordeum (Poaceae). Pl. Syst. Evol. 153:49–64.
  • Bothmer, R. von et al., eds. 2003. Diversity in barley (Hordeum vulgare). Developments in Plant Genetics and Breeding, vol. 7. [considers all wild species of Hordeum, except H. bulbosum, as part of the tertiary gene pool].
  • Bothmer, R. von et al. 1983. Interspecific hybridization with cultivated barley (Hordeum vulgare). Hereditas (Beijing) 99:219–244.
  • Bothmer, R. von. 1996. Distribution and habitat preferences in the genus Hordeum in Iran and Turkey. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 98B(suppl.):113–115.
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45.
  • Correa, M. N. 1969–. Flora patagonica.
  • Cronquist, A. et al. 1972–. Intermountain flora.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Doebley, J. et al. 1992. Chloroplast DNA variation and the phylogeny of Hordeum (Poaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 79:576–584. [used 5 accessions representing 3 subspp. with different cytotypes (2x, 4x & 6x) that all clustered together, but without clear alliances to other taxa in the genus & supporting an ancient genome differentiation from other ones in Hordeum].
  • El-Rabey, H. A. et al. 2002. Speciation and species separation in Hordeum (Poaceae) resolved by discontinuous molecular markers. Pl. Biol. 4:567–575.
  • Ellis, R. P. 1997. pers. comm. [re. English common names].
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • George, A. S., ed. 1980–. Flora of Australia.
  • Gibbs-Russell, G. E. et al. 1990. Grasses of southern Africa. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa vol. 58.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Hansen, A. & P. Sunding. 1993. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17.
  • Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds.
  • Holm, L. et al. 1997. World weeds: natural histories and distribution.
  • Jacobsen, N. & R. von Bothmer. 1995. Taxonomy in the Hordeum murinum complex (Poaceae). Nordic J. Bot. 15:449–458.
  • Koyama, T. 1987. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions.
  • Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Scholz, H. & T. Raus. 1997. Zwei neue Unterarten des Hordeum murinum (Gramineae) aus Griechenland und Spanien. Feddes Repert. 108:527–531.
  • Silva, L. et al. 2005. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta).
  • Skvortsov, A. K., ed. 2006–. Flora of the Lower Volga region.
  • Soreng, R. J. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): IV. Subfamily Pooideae. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 48:396.
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966–. Flora of Iraq. 9:248–250. [as H. glaucum & H. leporinum].
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Tzvelev, N. N. 1976. Zlaki SSSR.
  • Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds.
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966–. Flora palaestina.
  • Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 1994. Catalogo de la familia Poaceae en la Republica Argentina. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 47.
  • Webster's third new international dictionary.
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Hordeum murinum L.:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.
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Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?19314 (17 April 2014)

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