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Taxon: Agrostemma githago L.

Genus: Agrostemma
Family: Caryophyllaceae subfamily: Caryophylloideae tribe: Sileneae.
Nomen number: 1917
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:435. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Comments:
  • screening of grain seed has reduced weediness
  • the specific epithet is a noun in apposition, and retains its own gender and termination irrespective of the gender of the generic name (Melbourne ICN Art. 23.5)
Name verified on: 21-Nov-1986 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 21-Jan-2014
No species priority site assigned.

NO ACCESSIONS IN NPGS UNDER THIS NAME.

SPECIES RESTRICTED AS A STATE NOXIOUS WEED
A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
AL°, AR*°, DE°, FL°, GA°, IN°, KY°, LA°, MA°, MD°, ME°, MI°, MS°, NC°, NH°, NJ°, NY°, OH°, OK*°, PA°, RI°, SC°, TN°, TX°, VT°, WV°.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

Common names:

  • cockle   (Source: CRC MedHerbs ) – English
  • corn cockle   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • corn-campion   (Source: Websters Dict ) – English
  • corn-pink   (Source: R. Rabeler, p.c.) – English
  • nielle   (Source: L Noms French ed7 ) – French
  • gewöhnliche Kornrade   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • joio-venenoso   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • nigela-dos-trigais   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • klätt   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • AFRICA
    Northern Africa: Algeria; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia, Western Siberia
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan
    China: China - Heilongjiang, Jilin, Nei Monggol, Xinjiang
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Ireland; Norway; Sweden [s.]; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Hungary; Netherlands; Slovakia; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece [incl. Crete]; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]; Macedonia; Romania
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Portugal; Spain [incl. Baleares]

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Spain - Canary Islands
    Southern Africa: South Africa
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Finland
    Middle Europe: Germany; Poland
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Subarctic America: United States - Alaska
    Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    Western Canada: Canada - Manitoba, Saskatchewan
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, Texas
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Caribbean: Hispaniola
    Brazil: Brazil - Rio Grande do Sul
    Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Uruguay

      Cultivated:
  • also cultivated

      Other:
  • exact native range in Asia obscure

References:

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong. 2012. Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98.
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. 1974. The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables.
  • Cabrera, A. L. & E. M. Zardini. 1978. Manual de la flora de los alrededores de Buenos Aires.
  • Cabrera, A. L., ed. 1965–1970. Flora de la provincia de Buenos Aires.
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. [poisonous].
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Demilly, D. et al. 2001. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Duke, J. A. 1985. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Duncan, W. H. & J. T. Kartesz. 1981. Vascular flora of Georgia: an annotated checklist.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960–. Flora zambesiaca.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource).
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2.
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984–. Med-Checklist.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Hansen, A. & P. Sunding. 1993. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17.
  • Harrington, H. 1954. Manual of the plants of Colorado.
  • Hitchcock, C. L. et al. 1955–1969. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest.
  • Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds.
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource).
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972–. Atlas florae europaeae.
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  • Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. [poisonous].
  • Kitagawa, M. 1979. Neo-lineamenta florae Manshuricae.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. 2000–. Flora of Siberia (English translation).
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann. 1985. AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. [poisonous].
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia.
  • Lems, K. 1960. Floristic botany of the Canary islands.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Marzocca, A. 1994. Guia descriptiva de malezas del cono sur. 44.
  • Mouterde, P. 1966–. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  • Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck. 1959. A California flora.
  • Pignatti, S. 1982. Flora d'Italia.
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962–1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  • Rabeler, R. 1997. pers. comm. [re. English common names].
  • Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica.
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  • Stewart, R. 1972. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of West Pakistan and Kashmir.
  • Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1993. Flora europaea, second edition.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966–. Flora palaestina.
  • Webster's third new international dictionary.
More:

Check other web resources for Agrostemma githago L.:


Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds or fruits: Seed ID Workshop image, from Department of Horticulture and Crop Science, Ohio State University
More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?1917 (18 December 2014)

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