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Taxon: Flemingia macrophylla (Willd.) Merr.

Genus: Flemingia
Family: Fabaceae (alt. Leguminosae) subfamily: Faboideae tribe: Phaseoleae subtribe: Cajaninae. Also placed in: Papilionaceae
Nomen number: 17130
Place of publication: Philipp. J. Sci., C 5:130. 1910 (Kuntze ex Prain, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 66:440. 1897, nom. inval.)
  • valid publication of this name by Merrill verified from original literature
  • Merrill published this as "(Willd.) O. Kuntze ex Prain", but Prain did not accept this name, mentioning it only in his discussion under F. congesta Roxb. Neither did Kuntze, as Merrill indicates that while Prain credited Kuntze with this combination, it was actually made by Kuntze in the genus Moghania
Name verified on: 28-Oct-1988 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 27-Aug-2012
No species priority site assigned.


Common names:

  • enoki-mame   (Source: F Japan ) – Japanese Rōmaji

Economic importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control   (fide Pl Res SEAs 4:131-133. 1992)
  • Environmental: shade/shelter   (fide Pl Res SEAs 4:131-133. 1992)
  • Environmental: soil improver   (fide Pl Res SEAs 4:131-133. 1992)
  • Animal food: potential as forage   (fide Pl Res SEAs 4:131-133. 1992)
  • Materials: tannin/dyestuff   (source of "warrus" a dye for silk fide Pl Res SEAs 4:131-133. 1992)

Distributional range:

    China: China [s.?]
    Eastern Asia: Taiwan
    Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal; Pakistan [n.]; Sri Lanka
    Indo-China: Cambodia; Laos; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia

  • sometimes naturalized elsewhere in paleotropics

  • also cultivated in paleotropics


  • 't Mannetje, L. & R. M. Jones, eds. 1992. Forages. In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 4:131–133.
  • Aubréville, A. et al., eds. 1960–. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam. [lists as F. macrophylla (Willd.) Prain].
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984–. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim.
  • Hara, H. et al. 1978–1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  • Huang, S. F. & T. C. Huang. 1987. Taxonomic treatment of the Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Taiwan. Taiwania 32:11-117.
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993–. Flora of Japan.
  • Maesen, L. J. G. van der et al. 1986. Occurrence of Cajaninae in the Indian subcontinent, Burma and Thailand. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 82:496.
  • Matthew, K. M. 1983. The flora of the Tamilnadu Carnatic.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970–. Flora of [West] Pakistan. [lists as F. macrophylla (Willd.) Alston; = F. congesta Roxb. ex W. T. Aiton].
  • Ploetz, R. C. 1998. Compendium of tropical fruit diseases. P. 52 in: American Phytopathological Society, The disease compendium series. [= F. congesta Roxb. ex W. T. Aiton].
  • Smith, A. C. 1979–1991. Flora vitiensis nova.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa. [mentions].
  • Verdcourt, B. 1979. A manual of New Guinea legumes.


Check other web resources for Flemingia macrophylla (Willd.) Merr.:

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database and Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images or nodulation data:

  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (25 November 2015)

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