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Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Ficus carica L.

Genus: Ficus section: Ficus
Family: Moraceae tribe: Ficeae
Nomen number: 16801
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1059. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 08-Mar-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 16-Jan-2009
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV).
Accessions: 368 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • common fig   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – English
  • fig   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • teen   (Source: Ill L Qatar ) – Arabic
  • wu hua guo   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • carique   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – French
  • figuier commun   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • echte Feige   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – German
  • Essfeige   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – German
  • Feigenbaum   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • anjir   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – India (Hindi)
  • fico   (Source: HerbSpices ) – Italian
  • muhwagwanamu   (Source: Kulturpflanze 34:100.) – Transcribed Korean
  • figueira   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • figo   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • figueira-comum   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • figueira-da-europa   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • figueira-do-reino   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • higo   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • higuera común   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • fikon   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
  • getfikon   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

    Northern Africa: Algeria [n.]; Morocco; Tunisia
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Egypt - Sinai; Iran [n. & w.]; Iraq [n.]; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    Caucasus: Azerbaijan
    Middle Asia: Tajikistan [s.]; Turkmenistan [s.]
    Indian Subcontinent: Pakistan [n.]
    Southeastern Europe: Greece [incl. Crete]; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]
    Southwestern Europe: France [s. & Corsica]; Spain - Baleares

    Macaronesia: Cape Verde; Portugal - Azores, Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    Australia: Australia
    New Zealand: New Zealand
    United States
    Western South America: Ecuador - Galapagos Islands

  • widely cultivated in tropics & subtropics

  • exact native range obscure




Check other web resources for Ficus carica L.:


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (06 October 2015)

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