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Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Festuca rubra L.

Genus: Festuca
Family: Poaceae (alt. Gramineae) subfamily: Pooideae tribe: Poeae subtribe: Loliinae
Nomen number: 16718
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:74. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 08-Jan-2008 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 20-Apr-2009
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6).
Accessions: 427 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • Arctic red fescue   (Source: F NAmer ) – English   [Festuca rubra subsp. arctica]
  • Chewing's fescue   (Source: F NZeal ) – English   [Festuca rubra subsp. commutata]
  • creeping fescue   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • dune red fescue   (Source: F NAmer ) – English   [Festuca rubra subsp. mediana]
  • flat-leaf red fescue   (Source: F NAmer ) – English   [Festuca rubra subsp. fallax]
  • red fescue   (Source: BSBI ) – English
  • red fescue   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English   [Festuca rubra subsp. rubra]
  • rock fescue   (Source: F NAmer ) – English   [Festuca rubra subsp. pruinosa]
  • zi yang mao   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese   [Festuca rubra subsp. rubra]
  • fétuque de Richardson   (Source: F NAmer ) – French   [Festuca rubra subsp. arctica]
  • fétuque pruineuse   (Source: F NAmer ) – French   [Festuca rubra subsp. pruinosa]
  • fétuque rouge   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Festuca rubra subsp. rubra]
  • fétuque rouge traçante   (Source: F NAmer ) – French   [Festuca rubra subsp. rubra]
  • fétuque trompeuse   (Source: F NAmer ) – French   [Festuca rubra subsp. fallax]
  • Rotschwingel   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Festuca rubra subsp. rubra]
  • festuca rossa   (Source: Mult Glossary Crops ) – Italian   [Festuca rubra subsp. rubra]
  • wanggimuiteol   (Source: F Korea ) – Transcribed Korean   [Festuca rubra subsp. rubra]
  • festuca-encarnada   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese   [Festuca rubra subsp. rubra]
  • cañuela roja   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Festuca rubra subsp. rubra]
  • rödsvingel   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish   [Festuca rubra subsp. rubra]

Economic importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control   (fide Grass VarUSA)
  • Environmental: lawn/turf   (fide Grass VarUSA)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals   (fide Kingsbury, as F. rubra var. commutata)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant   (fide Weed CIBA)

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
    Northern Africa: Algeria
    Western Asia: Cyprus; Iran
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia, Western Siberia
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan
    Mongolia: Mongolia
    Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Far East
    China: China
    Eastern Asia: Japan; Korea
    Indian Subcontinent: Pakistan
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Faroe Islands; Finland; Iceland; Ireland; Norway; Svalbard and Jan Mayen; Sweden; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Portugal; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Subarctic America: Canada - Northwest Territory, Yukon Territory; Greenland
    Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Vermont
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, Nebraska, Wisconsin
    Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Delaware, Georgia [n.], Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah

  • naturalized elsewhere

  • also cultivated




Check other web resources for Festuca rubra L.:


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (25 November 2015)

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