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Taxon: Euphorbia heterophylla L.

Genus: Euphorbia subgenus: Poinsettia
Family: Euphorbiaceae subfamily: Euphorbioideae tribe: Euphorbieae subtribe: Euphorbiinae.
Nomen number: 16374
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:453. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Comment: non Euphorbia heterophylla auct. N. Amer. (= E. cyathophora Murray)
Name verified on: 02-Jul-2008 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Ornamental Plant Germplasm Center (OPGC).
Accessions: 8 in National Plant Germplasm System.


SPECIES RESTRICTED AS A STATE NOXIOUS WEED
A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
FL(as Euphorbia prunifolia)*, LA°, PR*.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

Common names:

  • Japanese poinsettia   (Source: Zander Ency ) – English
  • Mexican fireplant   (Source: Noxweed Aust ) – English
  • milkweed   (Source: Noxweed Aust ) – English
  • painted euphorbia   (Source: USDA/APHIS [as E. prunifolia]) – English
  • painted spurge   (Source: AH 505 ) – English
  • paintedleaf   (Source: Websters Dict ) – English
  • laban el-homara   (Source: F Egypt ) – Arabic
  • labeinah   (Source: Ill L Qatar ) – Arabic
  • caca poule   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • Poinsettien-Wolfsmilch   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • flor-do-poeta   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • adeus-Brasil   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • amendoim-bravo   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • café-do-diabo   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • leiteira   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • golondrina   (Source: R. Riina, p.c.) – Spanish
  • hierba de leche   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • lechosa   (Source: R. Riina, p.c.) – Spanish
  • pascuilla   (Source: R. Riina, p.c.) – Spanish

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama [s.], Florida, Georgia [s.], Louisiana, Mississippi [s.]
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California
    Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja Sur, Chihuahua, Durango, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas
    Southern Mexico: Mexico - Campeche, Chiapas, Colima, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatan
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Caribbean: Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Bahamas; Bermuda; Cayman Islands; Cuba; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Grenada; Haiti; Jamaica; Martinique; Montserrat; Netherlands Antilles; Puerto Rico; St. Lucia; Trinidad and Tobago; Virgin Islands (British); Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    Brazil: Brazil - Amazonas, Bahia, Federal District, Goias, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Minas Gerais, Parana, Pernambuco, Rio de Janeiro, Rondonia, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo
    Western South America: Bolivia - Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru
    Southern South America: Argentina - Cordoba, Corrientes, Formosa, Jujuy, Misiones, Salta, Tucuman; Paraguay

      Naturalized:
  • naturalized throughout tropic, subtropic, & warm-temperate regions

      Other:
  • exact native range in neotropics obscure

References:

  • Balakrishnan, N. P. & T. Chakrabarty. 2007. The family Euphorbiaceae in India; a synopsis of its profile, taxonomy and bibliography.
  • Boulos, L. 1999–. Flora of Egypt.
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas.
  • Dressler, R. L. 1961. A synopsis of Poinsettia (Euphorbiaceae). Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 48:339. [= Poinsettia heterophylla (L.) Klotzsch & Garcke].
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • Govaerts, R. et al. 2000. World checklist and bibliography of Euphorbiaceae.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds.
  • Holm, L. et al. 1997. World weeds: natural histories and distribution. 360.
  • Howard, R. 1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 5:49.
  • Liogier, A. H. 1981–. Flora of Hispaniola: Part 1; La Flora de la Española. Part II-.
  • Liogier, H. A. 1984–. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands.
  • Marzocca, A. 1994. Guia descriptiva de malezas del cono sur. 118.
  • Mayfield, M. H. 1997. A systematic treatment of Euphorbia subgenus Poinsettia (Euphorbiaceae). Unpublished dissertation (University of Texas at Austin) 108–143.
  • Norton, J. et al. 2009. Illustrated checklist of the flora of Qatar.
  • Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1. In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 12(1):268.
  • Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson. 1992. Noxious weeds of Australia.
  • Plant Protection and Quarantine Office. United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Federal noxious weed list (on-line resource). [= E. prunifolia].
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Reitz, R., ed. 1988. Flora ilustrada catarinense. 352–355.
  • Riina, R. 2011. Review of Euphorbiaceae data for World Economic Plants, ed. 2. pers. comm. via e–mail on 11 Jan.
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946–1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  • Steinmann, V. W. & R. S. Felger. 1997. The Euphorbiaceae of Sonora, Mexico. Aliso 16:56.
  • Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. 2001. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3).
  • Terrell, E. E. et al. 1986. Agric. Handb. no. 505.
  • Webster's third new international dictionary.
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Euphorbia heterophylla L.:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?16374 (22 December 2014)

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