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Taxon: Euphorbia esula L.

Genus: Euphorbia
Family: Euphorbiaceae subfamily: Euphorbioideae tribe: Euphorbieae subtribe: Euphorbiinae
Nomen number: 16366
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:461. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Comment: non Euphorbia esula auct. mult. (= E. virgata Waldst. & Kit., a noxious North American weed)
Name verified on: 08-May-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 08-May-2012
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7).
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System.

A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
AK*°, AZ*°, CA*°, CO*°, CT*, HI*°, IA*°, ID*°, IL°, KS*°, MA*, MI*°, MN*°, MO°, MT*°, ND*°, NE*°, NM*, NV*°, NY°, OH°, OR*°, SD*°, UT*°, WA*°, WI*°, WY*°.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • leafy spurge   (Source: Euphorb PBI ) – English
  • leafy spurge   (Source: Zander Ency ) – English   [Euphorbia esula subsp. esula]
  • wolf's-milk   (Source: Zander Ency ) – English
  • wolf's-milk   (Source: Zander Ency ) – English   [Euphorbia esula subsp. esula]
  • Esels-Wolfsmilch   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • Esels-Wolfsmilch   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German   [Euphorbia esula subsp. esula]
  • Ruten-Wolfsmilch   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • Ruten-Wolfsmilch   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German   [Euphorbia esula subsp. tommasiniana]
  • Schein-Ruten-Wolfsmilch   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German   [Euphorbia esula nothosubsp. pseudovirgata]
  • leiteira-folhosa   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • vargtörel   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

Distributional range:

    Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Iraq; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Altay, Buryatia, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Western Siberia
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    Mongolia: Mongolia
    Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Amur
    China: China
    Eastern Asia: Korea
    Indian Subcontinent: Pakistan [n.]
    Northern Europe: Finland
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Italy; Romania
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Portugal; Spain

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Norway; United Kingdom
    Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario
    Western Canada: Canada - Alberta
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Indiana, Michigan, New York
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - North Dakota
    North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii




Check other web resources for Euphorbia esula L.:


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (26 November 2015)

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