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Taxon: Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.

Genus: Eleusine
Family: Poaceae (alt. Gramineae) subfamily: Chloridoideae tribe: Cynodonteae.
Nomen number: 14997
Place of publication: Fruct. sem. pl. 1:8. 1788
Name verified on: 29-Nov-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 29-Nov-2011
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9).
Accessions: 5 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


SPECIES RESTRICTED AS A STATE NOXIOUS WEED
A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
PR*.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

Common names:

  • crabgrass   (Source: J. Veldkamp, p.c.) – English
  • crowfoot grass   (Source: J. Veldkamp, p.c.) – English
  • goose grass   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • wire grass   (Source: Atlas WWeed ) – English
  • yard grass   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • nageil   (Source: F Egypt ) – Arabic
  • eleusine d'Inde   (Source: F NAmer ) – French
  • eleusine des Indes   (Source: F NAmer ) – French
  • pied de poule   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • capim-da-cidade   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • capim-de-burro   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • capim-pé-de-galinha   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • grama-de-coradouro   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • grama-sapo   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • grama de caballo   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • gåshirs   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
More:

Economic importance:

  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals   (fide Econ Pl Aust)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant   (fide Weed CIBA)
More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • AFRICA
    Northern Africa: Egypt
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia; Sudan [s.]
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Cameroon; Congo; Equatorial Guinea; Rwanda; Zaire
    West Tropical Africa: Benin; Burkina Faso; Cote D'Ivoire; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Liberia; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Togo
    South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    Southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia; South Africa - Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal; Swaziland
    Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Arabian Peninsula: Oman; Yemen
    China: China
    Eastern Asia: Japan; Korea; Taiwan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal; Pakistan
    North Indian Ocean: India - Andaman and Nicobar
    Indo-China: Indochina; Myanmar

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores, Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    Northern Africa: Algeria; Libya; Morocco
    Western Indian Ocean: Mauritius; Seychelles
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Egypt - Sinai; Iran; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia
    New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Middle Europe: Austria; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Switzerland
    East Europe: Ukraine
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece [incl. Crete]; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Portugal; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Mexico
    United States
  • PACIFIC
    North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    Northwestern Pacific: Guam; Marshall Islands; Micronesia; Northern Mariana Islands; Palau
    South-Central Pacific: Cook Islands; French Polynesia; Pitcairn
    Southwestern Pacific: American Samoa; Fiji; Nauru; New Caledonia; Niue; Samoa; Tonga; Wallis and Futuna Islands
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Caribbean: Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Bahamas; Barbados; Cayman Islands; Cuba; Dominica; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Jamaica; Martinique; Montserrat; Netherlands Antilles; Puerto Rico; St. Kitts and Nevis; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and Grenadines; Virgin Islands (British); Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    Brazil: Brazil
    Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru
    Southern South America: Argentina; Chile - Easter Island; Paraguay; Uruguay

      Adventive:
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Norway
    Middle Europe: Belgium

      Other:
  • exact native range in paleotropics obscure

References:

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. et al. 1996. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 78:1-581.
  • Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica.
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961–. Flora of New Zealand.
  • Bor, N. L. 1960. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan.
  • Boulos, L. & M. N. El-Hadidi. 1984. The weeds of Egypt.
  • Boulos, L. 1999–. Flora of Egypt.
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45.
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988)
  • Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll. 1982. Flora of the Bahama archipelago.
  • Davidse, G. et al., eds. 1994. Flora mesoamericana.
  • Dyer, R. A. et al., eds. 1963–. Flora of southern Africa.
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960–. Flora zambesiaca.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource).
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.
  • Ghazanfar, S. A. 1992. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2.
  • Gibbs-Russell, G. E. et al. 1990. Grasses of southern Africa. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa vol. 58. [= E. indica subsp. indica].
  • Görts-van Rijn, A. R. A., ed. 1986–. Flora of the Guianas.
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984–. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Hara, H. et al. 1978–1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989–. Flora of Ethiopia. (and Eritrea. 2000)
  • Hilu, K. W. & J. M. J. de Wet. 1976. Domestication of Eleusine coracana. Econ. Bot. 30:199–208.
  • Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds.
  • Howard, R. 1974–1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource).
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75.
  • Koyama, T. 1987. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions.
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia.
  • Lazarides, M. 1980. The tropical grasses of Southeast Asia.
  • León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier). 1946–1962. Flora de Cuba.; suppl. 1969
  • Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell. 2000. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis, ed. 2.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970–. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  • Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre-mer. 1969. Graminees des paturages et des cultures a Madagascar.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Proctor, G. R. 1984. Flora of the Cayman Islands. Kew Bulletin Additional Series XI.
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Releford, J. S. et al. 2009. Flora of Rongelap and Ailinginae Atolls, Republic of the Marshalls Islands. Atoll Res. Bull. 572:1–13.
  • Renvoize, S. A. 1998. Gramineas de Bolivia.
  • Shukla, U. 1996. Grasses of north-eastern India.
  • Smith, A. C. 1979–1991. Flora vitiensis nova.
  • Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. 1995–. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  • Veldkamp, J. F. 1997. pers. comm. [re. common names].
  • Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource).
  • Wagner, W. L. et al. 1990. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i.
  • Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the flora of Yemen.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?14997 (23 August 2014)

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