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Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Elaeis guineensis Jacq.

Genus: Elaeis
Family: Arecaceae (alt. Palmae) subfamily: Arecoideae tribe: Cocoseae subtribe: Elaeidinae
Nomen number: 14936
Place of publication: Select. stirp. amer. hist. 280, t. 172. 1763
Name verified on: 17-Mar-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 17-Mar-2010
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA).
Accessions: 10 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

Common names:

  • African oil palm   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • macaw-fat   (Source: Zander Ency ) – English
  • oil palm   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • palmier à huile   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • palmier à huile d'Afrique   (Source: F NAmer ) – French
  • Ölpalme   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • afrikanische Ölpalme   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • kelapa sawit   (Source: Pl Res SEAs 14:85) – Indonesian
  • kelapa sawit   (Source: Pl Res SEAs 14:85) – Malay
  • palmeira-andim   (Source: PROTA4U ) – Portuguese
  • palmeira-do-azeite   (Source: PROTA4U ) – Portuguese
  • palmeira-do-dendê   (Source: PROTA4U ) – Portuguese
  • dendê   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • dendezeiro   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • palma africana   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • mchikichi   (Source: PROTA4U ) – Swahili
  • oljepalm   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental   (fide PROTA4U)
  • Human food: beverage base   (fide PROTA4U)
  • Human food: fruit   (fide PROTA4U)
  • Human food: oil/fat   (fide PROTA4U)
  • Human food: vegetable   (fide PROTA4U)
  • Fuels: petroleum substitute/alcohol   (fide PROTA4U; web document)
  • Materials: beads   (fide PROTA4U)
  • Materials: fiber   (used in soaps, lubricants, & plasticizer and stabilizer in plastics fide PROTA4U)
  • Materials: lipids   (used in soaps, lubricants, & plasticizer and stabilizer in plastics fide PROTA4U)
  • Medicines: folklore   (fide Herbs Commerce ed2; PROTA4U)

Distributional range:

    East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Congo; Gabon; Rwanda; Zaire
    West Tropical Africa: Benin; Cote D'Ivoire; Ghana; Guinea; Liberia; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Togo
    South Tropical Africa: Angola

    Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar [natzd.?]
    Indian Subcontinent: Sri Lanka
    Malesia: Indonesia - Sumatra; Malaysia

  • widely cultivated in tropics




Check other web resources for Elaeis guineensis Jacq.:


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (05 September 2015)

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