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Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Echium vulgare L.

Genus: Echium
Family: Boraginaceae subfamily: Boraginoideae
Nomen number: 14879
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:139. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 31-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 31-Mar-2012
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6).
Accessions: 3 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
ID*, MT*°, WA*°, WY°.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

Common names:

  • blue echium   (Source: Weeds SAfr 2001 ) – English
  • blue thistle   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • blue-devil   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • blueweed   (Source: Noxweed Aust ) – English
  • viper's-bugloss   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • blou-echium   (Source: Weeds SAfr 2001 ) – Afrikaans
  • lan ji   (Source: Pulmonaria ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • gewöhnlicher Natternkopf   (Source: Pulmonaria ) – German
  • borrago   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • erva-azul   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • sinyak obyknovenny   (Source: Pulmonaria ) – Transliterated Russian
  • viborera   (Source: F Int Apico ) – Spanish
  • blåeld   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

    Western Asia: Cyprus; Turkey [n.w.]
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Western Siberia [s.]
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    China: China - Xinjiang [n.]
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Ireland; Sweden; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]; Romania
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Portugal; Spain

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
    Southern Africa: Lesotho; South Africa
    Australia: Australia - New South Wales, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria
    New Zealand: New Zealand
    Northern Europe: Finland; Norway
    Middle Europe: Germany
    Southeastern Europe: Croatia; Serbia; Slovenia
    Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec
    Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Arkansas, Delaware, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, Texas
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California, Utah
    Southern South America: Argentina; Chile

  • also cultivated



Check other web resources for Echium vulgare L.:


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds or fruits: Seed ID Workshop image, from Department of Horticulture and Crop Science, Ohio State University
  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (27 November 2015)

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