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Taxon: Echinochloa frumentacea Link

Genus: Echinochloa
Family: Poaceae (alt. Gramineae) subfamily: Panicoideae tribe: Paniceae
Nomen number: 14828
Place of publication: Hort. berol. 1:204. 1827
Comment: or E. colona Frumentacea Group
Name verified on: 07-May-1991 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 17-Oct-2006
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7).
Accessions: 159 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

Common names:

  • billion-dollar grass   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • Indian barnyard millet   (Source: Taxon 41:522. 1992) – English
  • Siberian millet   (Source: F NAmer ) – English
  • white millet   (Source: BSBI ) – English
  • white panicum   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • white-panic   (Source: F NAmer ) – English
  • Sawahirse   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • sama   (Source: Names Watson [as Panicum frumentaceum]) – India

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

    United States

    East Tropical Africa: Tanzania
    China: China - Anhui, Guizhou, Heilongjiang, Henan, Nei Monggol, Ningxia, Yunnan
    Eastern Asia: Taiwan
    Indian Subcontinent: India
    Australia: Australia

  • probable origin from cultivated in India and Africa




Check other web resources for Echinochloa frumentacea Link:


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (26 November 2015)

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