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Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

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Taxon: Distichlis spicata (L.) Greene

Genus: Distichlis
Family: Poaceae (alt. Gramineae) subfamily: Chloridoideae tribe: Cynodonteae
Nomen number: 14415
Place of publication: Bull. Calif. Acad. Sci. 2:415. 1887
Name verified on: 11-May-1998 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 02-Apr-2009
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6).
Accessions: 13 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • coastal salt grass   (Source: F Missouri Online ) – English   [Distichlis spicata var. spicata]
  • desert salt grass   (Source: Intermt F ) – English   [Distichlis spicata var. stricta]
  • inland salt grass   (Source: L Texas ) – English   [Distichlis spicata var. stricta]
  • interior salt grass   (Source: Intermt F ) – English   [Distichlis spicata var. stricta]
  • salt grass   (Source: Websters Dict ) – English
  • seashore salt grass   (Source: Intermt F ) – English   [Distichlis spicata var. spicata]

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick [s.], Nova Scotia, Ontario [s.], Prince Edward Island
    Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, British Columbia [s.w.], Saskatchewan
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut [s.], Maine [e. & s.], Massachusetts [e.], New Hampshire [s.e.], New Jersey, New York [s.e.], Rhode Island
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois [e.], Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota
    Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon [w.], Washington, Wyoming
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama [s.], Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia [e.], Louisiana [s.], Maryland [e.], Mississippi [s.], North Carolina [e.], South Carolina [e.], Virginia [e.]
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, Texas
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah
    Caribbean: Bahamas; Cayman Islands - Grand Cayman; Cuba
    Mesoamerica: Belize; Guatemala
    Western South America: Bolivia; Ecuador; Peru
    Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Uruguay

  • naturalized elsewhere


  • Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica. [mentions].
  • Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll. 1982. Flora of the Bahama archipelago.
  • Cronquist, A. et al. 1972–. Intermountain flora.
  • Davidse, G. et al., eds. 1994. Flora mesoamericana.
  • Englert, J. M. et al. 2002. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2.
  • Gould, F. W. 1975. The grasses of Texas.
  • Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. 1973–. Flora of Ecuador.
  • Hitchcock, A. S. 1927. Grasses of Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 24:291-556.
  • Hitchcock, A. S. 1950. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2.
  • León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier). 1946–1962. Flora de Cuba.; suppl. 1969
  • Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles. 1999. Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York.
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  • McVaugh, R. 1983–. Flora Novo-Galiciana.
  • Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource).
  • Welsh, S. L. et al. 1993. A Utah flora.
  • Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 1994. Catalogo de la familia Poaceae en la Republica Argentina. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 47.
  • Webster's third new international dictionary.


Check other web resources for Distichlis spicata (L.) Greene:


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (25 November 2015)

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