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Taxon: Diplotaxis erucoides (L.) DC.

Genus: Diplotaxis
Family: Brassicaceae (alt. Cruciferae) tribe: Brassiceae
Nomen number: 14368
Place of publication: Syst. nat. 2:631. 1821
Comment: valid publication verified from original literature
Name verified on: 27-Feb-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 27-Feb-2010
Species priority site is: Northeast Regional PI Station (NE9).
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

Common names:

  • white rocket   (Source: Pl Book ) – English

Economic importance:

  • Gene sources: cytoplasmic male sterility for mustard   (fide Biol Breed Crucifer 119-120. 2009)
  • Gene sources: disease resistance for mustard   (fide Euphytica 156:423. 2007)
  • Gene sources: potential for disease resistance in rape   (fide Czech J Genet Pl Breed 38:156. 2002)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of black mustard   (fide Cruc Newsl 11:16. 1986)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of cabbage/kale   (based on hybrids with Brassica oleracea as male parent fide Theor Appl Genet 90:551. 1995)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of mustard   (fide Biol Breed Crucifer 263. 2009, citing a successful sexual hybridization between this taxon and Brassica juncea)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of rape   (fide Biol Breed Crucifer 263. 2009, citing a successful sexual hybridization between this taxon and Brassica napus)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of turnip   (fide Biol Breed Crucifer 263. 2009, citing a successful sexual hybridization between this taxon and Brassica rapa)
  • Weed   (fide Weed CIBA)

Distributional range:

    Northern Africa: Algeria [n.]; Egypt; Morocco; Tunisia
    Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia; Yemen
    Western Asia: Egypt - Sinai; Iran [w.]; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria
    Southeastern Europe: Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Portugal; Spain [incl. Baleares]

    Southeastern Europe: Croatia; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France
    Southern South America: Argentina - Mendoza, San Juan

      Adventive: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
    Eastern Canada: Canada - Quebec
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - New York [Suffock Co.]


  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988)
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Garg, H. et al. 2007. Hybridizing Brassica rapa with wild crucifers Diplotaxis erucoides and Brassica maurorum. Euphytica 156:417–424.
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984–. Med-Checklist.
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972–. Atlas florae europaeae.
  • Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2.
  • Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles. 1999. Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York.
  • Malik, M. et al. 1999. Development of two new cytoplasmic male-sterile lines in Brassica juncea through wide hybridization. Pl. Breed. (New York) 118:75–78.
  • Martinez-Laborde, J. B. 1991. Notes on the taxonomy of Diplotaxis DC. (Brassiceae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 106:67.
  • Miller, A. G. & T. A. Cope. 1996–. Flora of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra.
  • Mouterde, P. 1966–. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Prakash, S., S. R. Bhat & T.-D. Fu. 2009. Chapter 7. Wild germplasm and male sterility. Pp. 113–128 in: Gupta, S. K., Biology and breeding of Crucifers.
  • Qiong, H. et al. 2009. Chapter 13. Introgression of genes from wild crucifers. Pp. 261–308 in: Gupta, S. K., Biology and breeding of Crucifers.
  • Quiros, C. F. et al. 1986. Hybridization of two cultivated Brassica species with wild relatives of x=7 chromosomes. Cruciferae Newslett. E. U. C. A. R. P. I. A. 11:16.
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica.
  • Rudloff, E. & Y. Wang. 2011. Crambe. In: Kole, C., ed., Wild crop relatives: genomic and breeding resources, oilseeds 7:137–147.
  • Siemens, J. 2002. Interspecific hybridisation between wild relatives and Brassica napus to introduce new resistance traits into the oilseed rape gene pool. Czech J. Genet. Pl. Breed. 38:155–157.
  • Snowdon, R. et al. 2005–. Oilseed crops. Chapter 7. Brassica oilseeds. In: Singh, R. J. et al., eds., Genetic resources, chromosome engineering, and crop improvement 4:195–230.
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966–. Flora of Iraq.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1993. Flora europaea, second edition.
  • Vyas, P. et al. 1995. Production of wide hybrids and backcross progenies between Diplotaxis erucoides and crop brassicas. Theor. Appl. Genet. 90:549–553.
  • Warwick, S. I. 1993. Guide to wild germplasm of Brassica and allied crops. Pt. 1. Taxonomy and genome status in tribe Brassiceae.
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966–. Flora palaestina.


Check other web resources for Diplotaxis erucoides (L.) DC.:


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (26 November 2015)

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