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Taxon: Actinidia chinensis Planch.

Genus: Actinidia section: Stellatae series: Perfectae
Family: Actinidiaceae
Nomen number: 1405
Place of publication: London J. Bot. 6:303. 1847
Comment: often given as name for kiwifruit, but this is A. deliciosa
Name verified on: 22-Jul-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 22-Jul-2009
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV).
Accessions: 29 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

Common names:

  • Chinese soft-hair kiwi   (Source: Cornucopia II ) – English
  • gold kiwifruit   (Source: Acta Hort 913:473.) – English
  • golden kiwifruit   (Source: Nutrition J 10:54.) – English
  • zhong hua mi hou tao   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • gul kiwi   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

  • Human food: fruit   (fide web document)
  • Gene sources: potential for crop quality in hardy kiwifruit   (fide Biotechnol Agric For 60:339. 2007)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of golden kiwifruit   (fide Hort Rev 33:1-122. 2007)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of kiwifruit   (fide Pl Syst Evol 205:111-124. 1997; Syst Bot 22:685-700. 1997)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of kiwifruit   (fide Pl Syst Evol 205:111-124. 1997; Syst Bot 22:685-700. 1997)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of hardy kiwifruit   (based on crossability as 4x with Actinidia arguta fide Hort Rev 33:45, 46, 52. 2007)

Distributional range:

    China: China - Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong [n.], Guangxi [n.], Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi [s.], Yunnan, Zhejiang
    Eastern Asia: Taiwan

    China: China
    Eastern Asia: Japan
    New Zealand: New Zealand
    Southeastern Europe: Italy
    Southwestern Europe: France


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Atkinson, R. G. & E. A. Macrae. 2007. Chapter I.13 Kiwifruit. Biotechnol. Agric. Forest. 60:329–346.
  • Atkinson, R. G. et al. 1997. The allopolyploid origin of kiwifruit, Actinidia deliciosa (Actinidiaceae). Pl. Syst. Evol. 205:111–124.
  • Auger, J. et al. 2011. Outbreak of a lethal wilt form of gold kiwifruit, Actinidia chinensis 'Hort16A' in Chile. Acta Hort. 913:473–479.
  • Brevik, A. et al. 2011. Supplementation of a western diet with golden kiwifruits (Actinidia chinensis var. 'Hort 16A':) effects on biomarkers of oxidation damage and antioxidant protection. Nutr. J. 10:54.
  • Chat, J. et al. 2004. Reticulate evolution in kiwifruit (Actinidia, Actinidiaceae) identified by comparing their maternal and paternal phylogenies. Amer. J. Bot. 91:736–747.
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959–. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Facciola, S. 1998. Cornucopia II: a source book of edible plants.
  • Ferguson, A. R. & H. Huang. 2007. Genetic resources of kiwifruit: domestication and breeding. Hort. Rev. 33:1–122.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Hirsch, A. M. et al. 2001. Embryo rescue from interspecific crosses in the genus Actinidia (kiwifruit). Pl. Cell Rep. 20:508–516.
  • Huang, H.-W. & A. R. Ferguson. 2007. Actinidia in China: natural diversity, phylogeographical evolution, interspecific gene flow and kiwifruit cultivar improvement. Acta Hort. 753:31–40.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Li, D. et al. 2010. Morphological and cytotype variation of wild kiwifruit (Actinidia chinensis complex) along an altitudinal and longitudinal gradient in central-west China. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 164:72–83. [recognized vars. chinensis and deliciosa].
  • Li, H. L. 1952. A taxonomic review of the genus Actinidia. J. Arnold Arbor. 33:54.
  • Li, J. et al. 2002. Molecular phylogeny and infrageneric classification of Actinidia (Actinidiaceae). Syst. Bot. 27:406–415.
  • Liang, C. F. & A. R. Ferguson. 1986. The botanical nomenclature of the kiwifruit and related taxa. New Zealand J. Bot. 24:183–184.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third. [= name for kiwifruit].
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Redgwell, R. J. & S. C. Fry. 1993. Xyloglucan endotransglycosylase activity increases during kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa) ripening (implications for fruit softening). Pl. Physiol. (Lancaster) 103:1399–1406. [re. fruit].
  • Rehder, A. 1949. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs.
  • Steward, A. N. 1958. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley.
  • Testolin, R. & A. R. Ferguson. 1997. Isozyme polymorphism in the genus Actinidia and the origin of the kiwifruit genome. Syst. Bot. 22:685–700.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).


Check other web resources for Actinidia chinensis Planch.:

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (09 October 2015)

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