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Taxon: Actinidia arguta (Siebold & Zucc.) Planch. ex Miq.

Genus: Actinidia section: Leiocarpae series: Lamellatae
Family: Actinidiaceae
Nomen number: 1389
Place of publication: Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 3:15. 1867
Name verified on: 22-Jul-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 23-Jan-2012
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV). Alternate site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis (COR).
Accessions: 86 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • only available ) NPGS core subset accessions for the crop ‘HARDY-KIWIFRUIT’ ) or .
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • baby kiwi   (Source: Pl Names ) – English
  • bower actinidia   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • hardy kiwi   (Source: Ecocrop []) – English
  • taravine   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • vine-pear   (Source: F Korea ) – English
  • ruan zao mi hou tao   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • actinidier   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – French
  • japanische Stachelbeere   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • scharfzähniger Strahlengriffel   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – German
  • saru-nashi   (Source: F JapanOhwi ) – Japanese Rōmaji

Economic importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental   (fide F USSR)
  • Human food: fruit   (fide Dict Gard; F USSR)
  • Gene sources: potential for cold tolerance in kiwifruit   (fide Biotechnol Agric For 60:333. 2007)
  • Gene sources: potential for crop quality in kiwifruit   (source of flavor quality fide Biotechnol Agric For 60:332. 2007)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of hardy kiwifruit   (fide Hort Rev 33:1-122. 2007)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of golden kiwifruit   (based on crossability as 4x with Actinidia chinensis fide Hort Rev 33:45, 52. 2007)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of kiwifruit   (based on crossability as 4x with Actinidia deliciosa fide Pl Cell Rep 20:512. 2001)
  • Materials: potential as chemicals   (source of chlorophyll and polysaccharides of potential use for human health fide Biotechnol Agric For 60:331. 2007)

Distributional range:

    Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Kurile Islands, Primorye, Sakhalin
    China: China - Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang
    Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku; Korea; Taiwan

    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Maine, Massachusetts

    China: China
    Eastern Asia: Japan; Korea
    New Zealand: New Zealand
    United States
    Southern South America: Chile


  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource).
  • Atkinson, R. G. & E. A. Macrae. 2007. Chapter I.13 Kiwifruit. Biotechnol. Agric. Forest. 60:329–346.
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959–. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage.
  • Ferguson, A. R. & A. G. Seal. 2008. Kiwifruit. In: Hancock, J. F., ed., Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics 8:235–264.
  • Ferguson, A. R. & H. Huang. 2007. Genetic resources of kiwifruit: domestication and breeding. Hort. Rev. 33:1–122.
  • Ferguson, A. R. 2007. The need for characterisation and evaluation of germplasm: kiwifruit as an example. Euphytica 154:371–382. [cites Actinidia arguta and "A. arguta purpurea"; additionally, it mentions the scarcity of their representation in germplasm collections].
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Haines, A. & T. F. Vining. 1998. Flora of Maine: a manual for identification of native and naturalized vascular plants of Maine.
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6.
  • Hirsch, A. M. et al. 2001. Embryo rescue from interspecific crosses in the genus Actinidia (kiwifruit). Pl. Cell Rep. 20:508–516.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993–. Flora of Japan.
  • Kataoka, I. et al. 2010. Ploidy variation of hardy kiwifruit (Actinidiaarguta) resources and geographic distribution in Japan. Sci. Hort. 124:409–414.
  • Kitagawa, M. 1979. Neo-lineamenta florae Manshuricae.
  • Kokudo, K. et al. 2003. Phylogenetic classification of introduced and indigenous Actinidia in Japan and identification of interspecific hybrids using RAPD analysis. Acta Hort. 610:351–356.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Lee, Y. N. 1997. Flora of Korea.
  • Li, H. L. 1952. A taxonomic review of the genus Actinidia. J. Arnold Arbor. 33:31.
  • Li, J. et al. 2002. Molecular phylogeny and infrageneric classification of Actinidia (Actinidiaceae). Syst. Bot. 27:408–415.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Man, Y. et al. 2011. Development of microsatellite markers in Actinidia arguta (Actinidiaceae) based on the NCBI data platform. Amer. J. Bot. e310–e315.
  • Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rehder, A. 1949. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Steward, A. N. 1958. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).


Check other web resources for Actinidia arguta (Siebold & Zucc.) Planch. ex Miq.:

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP: North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Actinidia arguta cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (26 November 2015)

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