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Taxon: Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl

Genus: Descurainia
Family: Brassicaceae (alt. Cruciferae) tribe: Descurainieae.
Nomen number: 13568
Place of publication: H. G. A. Engler & K. A. E. Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 3(2):192. 1891
Name verified on: 04-Apr-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 04-Apr-2012
No species priority site assigned.

NO ACCESSIONS IN NPGS UNDER THIS NAME.

Common names:

  • flixweed   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • herb-Sophia   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • tansy mustard   (Source: F NAmer ) – English
  • bo niang hao   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • sagesse des chirurgiens   (Source: IllF MEur ) – French
  • Besenrauke   (Source: IllF MEur ) – German
  • Sophienkraut   (Source: IllF MEur ) – German
  • kujira-gusa   (Source: F Japan ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • jaessug   (Source: F Korea ) – Transcribed Korean

Economic importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring   (fide Cornucopia)
  • Human food: potential as oil/fat   (oil fide Chin J Oil Crop Sci 20:28-32. 1998)
  • Human food: vegetable   (sprouted seeds & leaves fide Cornucopia)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of rape   (based on one record of hybrids with Brassica napus obtained by protoplast fusion fide Warwick et al. 2009)
  • Medicines: folklore   (fide F ChinaEng)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant   (fide Weed CIBA)
More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • AFRICA
    Northern Africa: Algeria [n.]; Egypt [n.]; Morocco
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia, Western Siberia
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    Mongolia: Mongolia
    Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Far East
    China: China
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India - Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh; Nepal; Pakistan
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom - England [e.]
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece [incl. Crete]; Italy [incl. Sicily]; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Portugal; Spain

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • AFRICA
    Southern Africa: South Africa - Eastern Cape, Gauteng, Northern Cape
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Arabian Peninsula: Kuwait
    Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu; Korea
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia - New South Wales, South Australia
    New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Ireland; United Kingdom
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Canada
    Mexico
    United States
  • PACIFIC
    North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Southern South America: Argentina; Chile

      Cultivated:
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Afghanistan

References:

  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961–. Flora of New Zealand.
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988)
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959–. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Detling, L. 1939. A revision of the North American species of Descurainia. Amer. Midl. Naturalist 22:487–488.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants.
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984–. Med-Checklist.
  • Grubov, V. I. 2001. Key to the vascular plants of Mongolia.
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6.
  • Hegi, G. et al. Illustrierte Flora von Mittel-Europa. ed. 1:1906-1931; ed. 2:1936-68; ed. 3:1966-
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource).
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993–. Flora of Japan.
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972–. Atlas florae europaeae.
  • Jiang, S.-H. et al. 2006. Studies on protoplast culture of Descurainia sophia callii. IN Acta Prataculturae Sinica. 15:94.
  • Kearney, T. H. & R. H. Peebles. 1969. Arizona flora, ed. 2.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR. [lists as D. sophia (L.) Schur].
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia.
  • Lee, Y. N. 1997. Flora of Korea.
  • Luo, P. et al. 1998. Descurainia sophia, an oil-bearing plant species for special purposes. Chin. J. Oil Crop Sci. 20:28–32.
  • Miller, A. G. & T. A. Cope. 1996–. Flora of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra.
  • Mouterde, P. 1966–. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  • Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck. 1959. A California flora.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970–. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  • Oh, S.-Y. & J.-H. Pak. 2001. Distribution maps of vascular plants in Korea.
  • Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica.
  • Scoggan, H. J. 1978–1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  • Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. 1993–. Flora of India.
  • Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri.
  • Täckholm, V. 1974. Students' flora of Egypt, ed. 2.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1993. Flora europaea, second edition.
  • Wagner, W. L. et al. 1990. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i.
  • Warwick, S. I. et al. 2009. PART III. Interspecific and intergeneric hybridization data. Pp. 1–91 in: Warwick, S.I. et al., Guide to wild germplasm of Brassica and allied crops (Tribe Brassiceae, Brassicaceae), ed. 3 (on-line resource).
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966–. Flora palaestina.
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl:


Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds or fruits: Seed ID Workshop image, from Department of Horticulture and Crop Science, Ohio State University
More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?13568 (30 October 2014)

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