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Taxon: Cyperus esculentus L.

Genus: Cyperus
Family: Cyperaceae subfamily: Cyperoideae tribe: Cypereae.
Nomen number: 12901
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:45. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 10-Dec-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Arctic and Subarctic Plant Gene Bank (PALM).

NO ACCESSIONS IN NPGS UNDER THIS NAME.

SPECIES RESTRICTED AS A STATE NOXIOUS WEED
A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
AZ°, CA*°, CO*°, CT°, GA°, HI*°, LA°, ME°, MI*°, MS°, NC°, NH°, NM°, OR*, TN°, TX°, WA*.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

Common names:

  • earth-almond   (Source: Weed CIBA ) – English
  • tigernut   (Source: Websters Dict ) – English
  • water-grass   (Source: Weed CIBA ) – English
  • yellow nut sedge   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • yellow nut-grass   (Source: F CalifMunz ) – English
  • amande de terre   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • choufa   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • souchet comestible   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • Erdmandel   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • gireumgol   (Source: Kulturpflanze 34:95.) – Transcribed Korean
  • chufa   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • tiririca   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • tiririca-amarela   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • tiririca-mansa   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • cebollín   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • chufa   (Source: A. Molina, p.c.) – Spanish
  • juncia avellanada   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • jordmandel   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
More:

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Cape Verde; Portugal - Azores, Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Congo; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; Rwanda; Zaire
    West Tropical Africa: Benin; Burkina Faso; Cote D'Ivoire; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Liberia; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Togo
    South Tropical Africa: Angola
    Southern Africa: Botswana; Lesotho; Namibia; South Africa - Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West, Northern Cape, Western Cape; Swaziland
    Western Indian Ocean: Comoros; Madagascar; Mauritius
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Arabian Peninsula: Yemen
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Iraq; Turkey
    Caucasus: Azerbaijan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India; Nepal; Pakistan
    Indo-China: Vietnam
    Malesia: Indonesia - Java
  • EUROPE
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Greece [incl. Crete]; Italy [incl. Sicily]
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Portugal
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Ontario, Quebec
    Western Canada: Canada - British Columbia
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, Idaho, Oregon, Washington
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, Texas
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah
    Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja Norte, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas
    Southern Mexico: Mexico - Aguascalientes, Campeche, Chiapas, Colima, Federal District, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Yucatan
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Caribbean: Aruba; Bermuda; Cuba; Jamaica; Martinique; Netherlands Antilles; Puerto Rico; Trinidad and Tobago
    Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; Panama
    Northern South America: Venezuela
    Brazil: Brazil [s.]
    Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru
    Southern South America: Argentina; Paraguay; Uruguay

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • AFRICA
    Middle Atlantic Ocean: St. Helena
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    China: China - Shandong
    Eastern Asia: Taiwan
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia - New South Wales, Queensland
    New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    East Europe: Ukraine
  • PACIFIC
    North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii

      Cultivated:
  • also cultivated

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961–. Flora of New Zealand.
  • Boulos, L. 1995. Flora of Egypt checklist.
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45.
  • Burkill, H. M. 1985–2004. The useful plants of west tropical Africa.
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988)
  • Correa, J. E. & H. Y. Bernal. 1991. Especies vegetales promisorias de los paises del Convenio Andres Bello. 6:310–337.
  • Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll. 1982. Flora of the Bahama archipelago.
  • Davidse, G. et al., eds. 1994. Flora mesoamericana.
  • Duke, J. A. 1989. Handbook of Nuts. CRC Press.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Flach, M. & F. Rumawas, eds. 1996. Plants yielding non-seed carbohydrates. In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 9:78–82.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Foreman, D. B. & N. G. Walsh. 1993–. Flora of Victoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.
  • Ghazanfar, S. A. 1992. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2.
  • Govaerts, R. & D. A. Simpson. 2007. World checklist of Cyperaceae, sedges.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Haines, R. W. & K. A. Lye. 1983. Sedges and rushes of East Africa.
  • Hara, H. et al. 1978–1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  • Harden, G. J., ed. 1990–1993. Flora of New South Wales.
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989–. Flora of Ethiopia. (and Eritrea. 2000)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  • Howard, R. 1974–1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75.
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953–1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Migahid, A. M. 1988–1990. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3.
  • Molina G., A. M. 2011. Review of Cyperaceae data for World Economic Plants, ed. 2. pers. comm. via e–mail on 31 Mar.
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:95.
  • Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck. 1959. A California flora.
  • Pascual, B. et al. 2001. Chufa ( L. var. sativus Boeck.): an unconventional crop. Econ. Bot. 54:439–448.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Rosengarten, F. 1984. The book of edible nuts.
  • Schippers, P. et al. 1995. A revision of the infraspecific taxonomy of Cyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) with an experimentally evaluated character set. Syst. Bot. 20:461–481.
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  • Simpson, D. A. & C. A. Inglis. 2001. Cyperaceae of economic, ethnobotanical and horticultural importance: a checklist. Kew Bull. 56:292–293.
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946–1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  • Stanley, T. D. & E. M. Ross. 1983–1989. Flora of south-eastern Queensland.
  • Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. 1948–. Flora malesiana.
  • Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. 1995–. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana.
  • Thulin, M., ed. 1993–. Flora of Somalia.
  • Tucker, G. C. 1994. Revision of the Mexican species of Cyperus (Cyperaceae). Syst. Bot. Monogr. 43:97.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource).
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Webster's third new international dictionary.
More:

Check other web resources for Cyperus esculentus L.:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?12901 (19 December 2014)

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