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  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf

Genus: Cymbopogon
Family: Poaceae (alt. Gramineae) subfamily: Panicoideae tribe: Andropogoneae
Nomen number: 12797
Place of publication: Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1906:357. 1906
Name verified on: 08-Feb-2006 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 08-Feb-2006
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9).
Accessions: 3 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

Common names:

  • lemongrass   (Source: HerbSpices ) – English
  • West Indian lemongrass   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • citronelle   (Source: Hollyman et al. 1993) – French
  • citronnelle   (Source: Hollyman et al. 1993) – French
  • herbe citron   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • lemongrass   (Source: D. Bellenot, p.c.) – French
  • verveine des Indes   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • Lemongras   (Source: HerbSpices ) – German
  • westindisches Zitronengras   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • Zitronengras   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • erva-cidreira   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • cana-cidreira   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • cana-limão   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • capim-cidró   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • capim-santo   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • patchuli-falso   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • pasto limón   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • zacate dete   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • zacate limón   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • sontol   (Source: Man CostaR ) – Spanish (Costa Rica)
  • yerba luisa   (Source: Soukup 1971) – Spanish (Peru)
  • citrongräs   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

    Southern South America: Argentina; Chile

    Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Morocco
    Western Asia: Cyprus
    China: China - Fujian, Guangdong, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Yunnan, Zhejiang
    Eastern Asia: Taiwan
    Caribbean: Cuba; Haiti; Jamaica; Puerto Rico; Virgin Islands (U.S.) - St. Croix, St. Thomas
    Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Nicaragua; Panama
    Northern South America: Venezuela
    Brazil: Brazil
    Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru

  • origin unknown


  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong. Flora of the West Indies (on-line resource).
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Anjaria, J. V. 1989. Herbal Drugs: Potential for industry and cash. In: G. E. Wickens et al., New crops for food and industry. P. 90 in: Wickens, G. E. et al., eds., New crops for food and industry.
  • Bellenot, D. 2009. pers. comm. [re. French common names].
  • Bor, N. L. 1960. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan. [lists as C. citratus (DC.) Stapf].
  • Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India. 1950. The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Raw materials. Delhi. 2:412–414.
  • Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. 1986–1987. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols.
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1994. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 8:130. [lists as C. citratus (DC.) Stapf].
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource).
  • Giraldo-Cañas, D. 2011. Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia. Darwiniana 49:139–247.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Hammel, B. E. et al., eds. 2003–. Manual de plantas de Costa Rica. [cultivated, as Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf].
  • Hollyman, K. J. et al. 1993. Les noms français des plantes calédoniennes : étude lexicographique et lexicologique. 222 pp. [Didier, Paris].
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  • Lazarides, M. 1980. The tropical grasses of Southeast Asia. [lists as C. citratus (DC.) Stapf].
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third. [lists as C. citratus (DC. ex Nees) Stapf].
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Missouri Botanical Garden. W³Tropicos (on-line resource). [lists as C. citratus (DC.) Stapf].
  • Oyen, L. P. A. & Nguyen Xuan Dung, eds. 1999. Essential-oil plants. In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 19:95–98. [lists as C. citratus (DC.) Stapf].
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Randall, R. P. 2007. The introduced flora of Australia and its weed status.
  • Rehm, S. & G. Espig. 1991. The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. [lists as C. citratus (DC.) Stapf].
  • Soukup, J. 1971. Vocabulario de los nombres vulgares de la flora peruana. Pp. 106–107 in: J. Soukup, Vocabulario de los nombres vulgares de la flora peruana. Lima. [re. Spanish (Peru) common name].
  • Ugarte, E. et al. 2011. Vascular alien flora, Chile. Check List 7:365–380.
  • Uphof, J. C. T. 1968. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2. 167. [lists as C. citratus (DC.) Stapf].
  • Villaseñor, J. L. & F. J. Espinoza-Garcia. 2004. The alien flowering plants of Mexico. Diversity & Distrib. 10:113–123.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): III. Subfamilies Panicoideae, Aristidoideae, Arundinoideae, and Danthonioideae. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 46:167.


Check other web resources for Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf:

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • CNWG: Catalogue of New World Grasses Searchable Database
  • World Grass Species-Descriptions: Morphological species description from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (04 October 2015)

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