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Taxon: Achillea millefolium L.

Genus: Achillea
Family: Asteraceae (alt. Compositae) subfamily: Asteroideae tribe: Anthemideae subtribe: Matricariinae.
Nomen number: 1270
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:899. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 20-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6).
Accessions: 74 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


Common names:

  • milfoil   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • yarrow   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • yang shi cao   (Source: F Taiwan ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • achillée millefeuille   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • herbe à dinde   (Source: F NAmer ) – French
  • mille-feuille   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • gewöhnliche Schafgarbe   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – German
  • Schafgarbe   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • Wiesen-Schafgarbe   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – German
  • millefoglio   (Source: Mult Glossary Crops ) – Italian
  • seoyangtobpul   (Source: F Korea ) – Transcribed Korean
  • milefólio   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • tysâčelistnik obyknovennyj   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Transliterated Russian
  • milenrama   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • röllika   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
More:

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia, Western Siberia
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan
    Mongolia: Mongolia
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India [n.w.]; Pakistan
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Faroe Islands; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy [incl. Sardinia]; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Portugal; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Subarctic America: Canada - Northwest Territory, Yukon Territory; United States - Alaska
    Eastern Canada: Canada - Newfoundland, Ontario, Quebec
    Western Canada: Canada - Manitoba, Saskatchewan
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida [n.], Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, Texas
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah
    Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja Norte, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango [w.], Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas
    Southern Mexico: Mexico - Chiapas, Federal District, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Mexico, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Tlaxcala, Veracruz
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Mesoamerica: Guatemala; Honduras

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores, Madeira Islands
    Southern Africa: Botswana; South Africa
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Far East
    China: China - Nei Monggol, Xinjiang
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia
    New Zealand: New Zealand
  • PACIFIC
    North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Caribbean: Cuba
    Western South America: Ecuador; Peru
    Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Uruguay

      Cultivated:
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia - New South Wales
  • EUROPE
    Europe
  • also cultivated elsewhere

      Other:
  • exact native range obscure

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961–. Flora of New Zealand.
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45.
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. 1974. The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables.
  • Caligari, P. D. S. & D. J. N. Hind, eds. 1996. Compositae: biology and utilization.
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas.
  • Cronquist, A. et al. 1972–. Intermountain flora.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage.
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2.
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984–. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim.
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6.
  • Hansen, A. & P. Sunding. 1993. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17.
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. 1993. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California.
  • Hitchcock, C. L. & A. Cronquist. 1973. Flora of the Pacific Northwest: an illustrated manual.
  • Hitchcock, C. L. et al. 1955–1969. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest.
  • Hoang, H.-D. et al. 1997. Additional notes to the checklist of Korean cultivated plants (5). Consolidated summary and indexes. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 44:352.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource).
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  • International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75.
  • Kala, C. P. et al. 2004. Prioritization of medicinal plants on the basis of available knowledge, existing practices and use value status in Uttaranchal, India. Biodivers. & Conservation 13:459.
  • Kearney, T. H. & R. H. Peebles. 1969. Arizona flora, ed. 2. [= A. lanulosa].
  • Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. 2000–. Flora of Siberia (English translation).
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia.
  • Lee, Y. N. 1997. Flora of Korea.
  • León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier). 1946–1962. Flora de Cuba.; suppl. 1969
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2.
  • Li, H. L. et al., eds. 1975–1979. Flora of Taiwan.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles. 1999. Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • Martin, W. C. & C. R. Hutchins. 1980. A flora of New Mexico. [= A. lanulosa].
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1977. Atlas of the Flora of the Great Plains.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Missouri Botanical Garden. Flora of China Checklist (on-line resource).
  • Parsa, A. 1943–1952. Flore de l'Iran.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Radford, A. E. et al., eds. 1980–. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States.
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Rzedowski, J. & G. Rzedowski, eds. 1991–. Flora del Bajio y de regiones adyacentes.
  • Scoggan, H. J. 1978–1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. [introduced].
  • Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. 1993–. Flora of India.
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946–1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  • Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. 2001. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3).
  • Stewart, R. 1972. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of West Pakistan and Kashmir.
  • Tunon, H. 1998. Alkaloids in Achillea millefolium L. - confusion in the literature. 32:1–5 In: Källersjö, M., ed., Compositae newsletter. Columbus, OH [etc.]. 32:1–5.
  • Turner, B. L. 1996–. The comps of Mexico - a systematic account of the family Asteraceae. Phytologia Memoirs.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Tyrl, R. J. 1975. Origin and distribution of polyploid Achillea (Compositae) in western North America. Brittonia 27:193–194.
  • Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource).
  • Welsh, S. L. et al. 1993. A Utah flora.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Achillea millefolium L.:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?1270 (24 October 2014)

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