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Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area

Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Curcuma longa L.

Genus: Curcuma
Family: Zingiberaceae subfamily: Zingiberoideae tribe: Zingibereae
Nomen number: 12676
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:2. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 12-May-2008 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 12-May-2008
No species priority site assigned.
Accessions: 2 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

Common names:

  • Indian-saffron   (Source: Ency CNatIn ) – English
  • turmeric   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • curcuma   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • safran des Indes   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • Gelbwurzel   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • Kurkuma   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • ukon   (Source: HerbSpices ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • ulgeum   (Source: Kulturpflanze 34:95.) – Transcribed Korean
  • açafrão-da-Índia   (Source: HerbSpices ) – Portuguese
  • açafrão-da-terra   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • açafroeira   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • gengibre-dourada   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • azafrán de la India   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • cúrcuma   (Source: Dicc Lengua Espanola ) – Spanish
  • gurkmeja   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

    Indian Subcontinent: India [probably native]

  • widely cultivated in tropics




Check other web resources for Curcuma longa L.:

  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Check other web resources for images:

  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (24 November 2015)

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