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  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Cucurbita maxima Duchesne

Genus: Cucurbita
Family: Cucurbitaceae tribe: Cucurbiteae.
Nomen number: 12597
Place of publication: Essai sur l'Histoire Naturelle des Courges 7. 1786 Aug-Sep? (J. B. A. P. M. de Lamarck, Encycl. 2:151. 1786 Oct)
Comment: for author see Taxon 49:303-317. 2000
Name verified on: 29-Jun-2000 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 29-Jun-2000
Species priority site is: Northeast Regional PI Station (NE9).
Accessions: 829 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


See also subordinate taxa:


Common names:

  • banana squash   (Source: Econ Bot 44:59. 1990) – English   [Cucurbita maxima subsp. maxima]
  • buttercup squash   (Source: Econ Bot 44:59. 1990) – English   [Cucurbita maxima subsp. maxima]
  • giant pumpkin   (Source: Econ Bot 44:59. 1990) – English   [Cucurbita maxima subsp. maxima]
  • great pumpkin   (Source: Hamdard 38:97. 1995) – English
  • Hubbard squash   (Source: Econ Bot 44:59. 1990) – English   [Cucurbita maxima subsp. maxima]
  • pumpkin   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • red gourd   (Source: Hamdard 38:97. 1995) – English
  • squash   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • turban squash   (Source: Econ Bot 44:59. 1990) – English   [Cucurbita maxima subsp. maxima]
  • winter squash   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English   [Cucurbita maxima subsp. maxima]
  • winter squash   (Source: Herbs Commerce ed2 ) – English
  • sun gua   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • courge commune   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Cucurbita maxima subsp. maxima]
  • giraumon   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Cucurbita maxima subsp. maxima]
  • pâtisson   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Cucurbita maxima subsp. maxima]
  • potiron   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Cucurbita maxima subsp. maxima]
  • Reisen-Kürbis   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • Riesenkürbis   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Cucurbita maxima subsp. maxima]
  • Speise-Kürbis   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • zucca   (Source: Mult Glossary Crops ) – Italian
  • abóbora-moranga   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese   [Cucurbita maxima subsp. maxima]
  • calabaza amarilla   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Cucurbita maxima subsp. maxima]
  • zapallito amargo   (Source: Syst Ecogeogr Stud ) – Spanish   [Cucurbita maxima subsp. andreana]
  • zapallo   (Source: Names Soukup ) – Spanish   [Cucurbita maxima subsp. maxima]
  • loche   (Source: Names Soukup ) – Spanish (Peru)   [Cucurbita maxima subsp. maxima]
  • jättepumpa   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
  • halva kaddu   (Source: Hamdard 38:97. 1995) – Urdu (Pakistan)
  • mitha kaddu   (Source: Hamdard 38:97. 1995) – Urdu (Pakistan)
More:

Economic importance:

  • Human food: fruit   (fide CultTropS)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for melon   (for hybrids with Cucurbita moschata fide Scient Hort 127:108. 2008)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for watermelon   (for hybrids with Cucurbita moschata fide Scient Hort 127:108. 2008)
  • Medicines: folklore   (fide Herbs Commerce ed2; Hamdard 38:97. 1995)
  • Social: religious/secular   (for Halloween fide Mabberleys Pl Book)
More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Southern South America: Argentina [c. & n.]; Uruguay

      Cultivated:
  • widely cultivated

References:

More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Cucurbita maxima Duchesne:

  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • GRIN Images of germplasm accessions.
  • Seeds or fruits: Seed ID Workshop image, from Department of Horticulture and Crop Science, Ohio State University
More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?12597 (24 July 2014)

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