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Taxon: Cucumis myriocarpus Naudin

Genus: Cucumis subgenus: Cucumis section: Aculeatosi
Family: Cucurbitaceae tribe: Benincaseae
Nomen number: 12576
Place of publication: Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. sér. 4, 11:22. 1859
Name verified on: 07-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7).
Accessions: 20 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • gooseberry cucumber   (Source: BSBI ) – English
  • gooseberry cucumber   (Source: Noxweed Aust [as C. myriocarpus]) – English   [Cucumis myriocarpus subsp. myriocarpus]
  • gooseberry melon   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • paddy melon   (Source: Noxweed Aust [as C. myriocarpus]) – English   [Cucumis myriocarpus subsp. myriocarpus]
  • prickly paddy melon   (Source: Noxweed Aust [as C. myriocarpus]) – English   [Cucumis myriocarpus subsp. myriocarpus]
  • krusbärsgurka   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

  • Gene sources: potential for disease resistance in melon   (fide Pl Embry Cult 710:108. 2011)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of West Indian gherkin   (based on partially fertile hybrids with Cucumis anguria fide Econ Bot 25:206, 207. 1971)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of cucumber   (based on distant affinities to Cucumis sativus fide Proc Natl Acad Sci 107:14271. 2010)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of melon   (based on distant affinities to Cucumis melo fide Proc Natl Acad Sci 107:14271. 2010)

Distributional range:

    South Tropical Africa: Mozambique; Zambia
    Southern Africa: Botswana; Lesotho; South Africa - Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West, Northern Cape, Western Cape; Swaziland

    Australia: Australia


  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988)
  • Deakin, J. R. et al. 1971. Interspecific hybridization in Cucumis. Econ. Bot. 25:295–211.
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960–. Flora zambesiaca.
  • George, A. S., ed. 1980–. Flora of Australia.
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  • Kho, Y. O. et al. 1980. Interspecific hybridization in Cucumis L. II. The crossability of species, and investigation of in vivo pollen tube growth and seed set. Euphytica 29:661–672. [mentions some PI accessions that still exist at the USDA, however there are some discrepancies in taxon identification].
  • Kirkbride, J. H., Jr. 1993. Biosystematic monograph of the genus Cucumis (Cucurbitaceae). 27.
  • Nuñez-Palenius, H. G. et al. 2011. Chapter 9. Muskmelon embryo rescue techniques using in vitro embryo culture. In: Thorpe, T. A. & E. C. Yeung, eds., Plant embryo culture: wethods and protocols 710:107–115. [mentions].
  • Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson. 1992. Noxious weeds of Australia.
  • Schaefer, H. 2007. Cucumis (Cucurbitaceae) must include Cucumella, Dicoelospermum, Mukia, Myrmecosicyos, and Oreosyce: a recircumscription based on nuclear and plastid DNA data. Blumea 52:169.
  • Sebastian, P. et al. 2010. Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) and melon (C. melo) have numerous wild relatives in Asia and Australia, and the sister species of melon is from Australia. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107:14269–14273.
  • Singh, A. K. & K. S. Yadava. 1984. An analysis of interspecific hybrids and phylogenetic implications in Cucumis (Cucurbitaceae). Pl. Syst. Evol. 147:237–252. [this study obtained hybrids from crosses of Cucumis myriocarpus with C. dipsaceus, C. prophetarum and C. zeyheri; these hybrids exhibited varaible pollen fertility and different bivalent frequencies].
  • Telford, I. R. H. et al. 2011. Cucumis (Cucurbitaceae) in Australia and eastern Malesia, including newsly recognized species and the sister species to C. melo. Syst. Bot. 36:376–389.


Check other web resources for Cucumis myriocarpus Naudin:

  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (26 November 2015)

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