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Taxon: Cucumis anguria L.

Genus: Cucumis subgenus: Cucumis section: Aculeatosi
Family: Cucurbitaceae tribe: Benincaseae
Nomen number: 12546
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1011. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 07-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 24-Nov-2008
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7).
Accessions: 49 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • bur cucumber   (Source: F Panama ) – English   [Cucumis anguria var. anguria]
  • bur gherkin   (Source: Biol Cucurb 320.1990) – English   [Cucumis anguria var. anguria]
  • gooseberry gourd   (Source: F Panama ) – English   [Cucumis anguria var. anguria]
  • West Indian gherkin   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English   [Cucumis anguria var. anguria]
  • angurie des Antilles   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Cucumis anguria var. anguria]
  • concombre des Antilles   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Cucumis anguria var. anguria]
  • Anguriagurke   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Cucumis anguria var. anguria]
  • machiche   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese   [Cucumis anguria var. anguria]
  • maxixe   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese   [Cucumis anguria var. anguria]
  • cornichão-das-antilhas   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • maxixe   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • maxixe-bravo   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • maxixe-do-mato   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • pepino-castanha   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • pepino-espinhoso   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • cohombro espinoso   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Cucumis anguria var. anguria]
  • pepinito   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Cucumis anguria var. anguria]
  • pepino   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Cucumis anguria var. anguria]
  • pepino cimarrón   (Source: F NGalicia ) – Spanish
  • sandía de ratón   (Source: F NGalicia ) – Spanish (Guatemala)
  • anguriagurka   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of melon   (based on production of somatic hybrids with Cucumis melo fide Hort Sci (Prague) 38:154. 2011)

Distributional range:

    East Tropical Africa: Tanzania
    West-Central Tropical Africa: Zaire
    South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    Southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia; South Africa - KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga; Swaziland

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
    Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar
    Australia: Australia - Queensland
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida
    Northern Mexico: Mexico - Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas
    Southern Mexico: Mexico - Chiapas, Colima, Guerrero, Jalisco, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, Veracruz, Yucatan
    Caribbean: Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Barbados; Cayman Islands; Cuba; Dominican Republic; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Haiti; Jamaica; Martinique; Netherlands Antilles; Puerto Rico; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and Grenadines; Virgin Islands (British); Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    Mesoamerica: Costa Rica; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    Northern South America: French Guiana; Suriname; Venezuela
    Brazil: Brazil - Amazonas, Maranhao, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Rondonia
    Western South America: Ecuador; Peru

    Macaronesia: Cape Verde
    West-Central Tropical Africa: Zaire
    West Tropical Africa: Senegal; Sierra Leone
    Southern Africa: South Africa
    Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar; Reunion
    Caribbean: West Indies


  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. et al. 1996. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 78:1-581.
  • Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 504. [introduced].
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Burkill, H. M. 1985. The useful plants of west tropical Africa. 1:578.
  • Chen, J.-F. & X.-H. Zhou. 2011. Cucumis. In: Kole, C., ed., Wild crop relatives: genomic and breeding resources, vegetables 6:67–90.
  • Dabauza, M. et al. 1998. Regeneration and characterisation of Cucumis melo L. (+) Cucumis anguria L. var. longipes (Hook. fil.) Meeuse somatic hybrids. Pl. Cell Tissue Organ Cult. 52:123–131.
  • Davidse, G. et al., eds. 1994. Flora mesoamericana.
  • Deakin, J. R. et al. 1971. Interspecific hybridization in Cucumis. Econ. Bot. 25:195–211.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960–. Flora zambesiaca.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource).
  • Funk, V. et al. 2007. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55:1-584.
  • Garcia-Mas, J. et al. 2004. Phylogenetic relationships among Cucumis species based on the ribosomal internal transcribed spacer sequence and microsatellite markers. Pl. Syst. Evol. 248:191–203.
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.
  • Gómez-Pompa, A. & V. Sosa, eds. 1978–. Flora de Veracruz.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Hokche, O. et al. 2008. Nuevo catálogo de la flora vascular de Venezola.
  • Howard, R. 1974–1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75.
  • Kho, Y. O. et al. 1980. Interspecific hybridization in Cucumis L. II. The crossability of species, and investigation of in vivo pollen tube growth and seed set. Euphytica 29:661–672.
  • Kirkbride, J. H., Jr. 1993. Biosystematic monograph of the genus Cucumis (Cucurbitaceae). 104.
  • León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier). 1946–1962. Flora de Cuba.; suppl. 1969
  • Liogier, A. H. 1981–. Flora of Hispaniola: Part 1; La Flora de la Española. Part II-.
  • Liogier, H. A. 1984–. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands.
  • McVaugh, R. 1983–. Flora Novo-Galiciana.
  • Navrátilová, B. et al. 2011. Biotechnological methods utilized in Cucumis research - A review. Hort. Sci. 38:150–158. [this review showed fail attempts of embryo rescue in crosses between Cucumis sativus × C. anguria].
  • Proctor, G. R. 1984. Flora of the Cayman Islands. Kew Bulletin Additional Series XI.
  • Schaefer, H. 2007. Cucumis (Cucurbitaceae) must include Cucumella, Dicoelospermum, Mukia, Myrmecosicyos, and Oreosyce: a recircumscription based on nuclear and plastid DNA data. Blumea 52:168.
  • Sebastian, P. et al. 2010. Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) and melon (C. melo) have numerous wild relatives in Asia and Australia, and the sister species of melon is from Australia. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107:14269–14273.
  • Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. 1995–. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana.
  • Turner, B. L. et al. 2003. Atlas of the vascular plants of Texas. Sida Botanical Miscellany no. 24.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  • Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. 1943–1980. Flora of Panama.
  • Wunderlin, R. & B. Hansen. Atlas of Florida vascular plants (on-line resource).


Check other web resources for Cucumis anguria L.:


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (26 November 2015)

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