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Taxon: Cosmos sulphureus Cav.

Genus: Cosmos
Family: Asteraceae (alt. Compositae).
Nomen number: 11684
Place of publication: Icon. 1:56, t. 79. 1791
Name verified on: 06-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 06-Mar-2012
Species priority site is: Ornamental Plant Germplasm Center (OPGC).
Accessions: 3 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


Common names:

  • orange cosmos   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • sulphur cosmos   (Source: PROTA4U ) – English
  • yellow cosmos   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • liu huang ju   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • cosmos soufré   (Source: PROTA4U ) – French
  • gelbes Schmuckkörbchen   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • cosmos-amarelo   (Source: PROTA4U ) – Portuguese
  • kosmos želtyj   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Transliterated Russian
  • gullskära   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Northern Mexico: Mexico - Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas
    Southern Mexico: Mexico - Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Colima, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, Veracruz, Yucatan

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • AFRICA
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    South Tropical Africa: Malawi; Zimbabwe
    Southern Africa: South Africa - KwaZulu-Natal
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India; Sri Lanka
    Malesia: Philippines
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Michigan, New York, Pennsylvania
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Missouri, Oklahoma
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Caribbean: Antigua and Barbuda; Cuba; Hispaniola; Montserrat; Puerto Rico; St. Vincent and Grenadines; Virgin Islands (British); Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    Mesoamerica: Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Panama
    Northern South America: Venezuela
    Brazil: Brazil
    Western South America: Colombia; Ecuador; Peru
    Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Paraguay - Amambay

      Adventive:
  • EUROPE
    Middle Europe: Belgium; Poland

      Cultivated:
  • widely cultivated

      Other:
  • possibly native in n.w. South America

References:

  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong. 2012. Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98.
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45.
  • Breedlove, D. E., ed. 1981–. Flora of Chiapas.
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980–. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource).
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6.
  • Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. 1973–. Flora of Ecuador.
  • Hokche, O. et al. 2008. Nuevo catálogo de la flora vascular de Venezola.
  • Howard, R. 1974–1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Lasser, T., ed. 1964–. Flora de Venezuela.
  • León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier). 1946–1962. Flora de Cuba.; suppl. 1969
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell. 2000. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis, ed. 2.
  • Liogier, H. A. 1984–. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands.
  • McVaugh, R. 1983–. Flora Novo-Galiciana.
  • Merrill, E. D. 1922–1926. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants.
  • Moscoso, R. M. 1943. Catalogus florae domingensis.
  • Pajaujis Anonis, D. 1993. Flower oils and floral compounds in perfumery. ["sulphurous"].
  • Radford, A. E. et al., eds. 1980–. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States.
  • Rzedowski, J. & G. Rzedowski, eds. 1991–. Flora del Bajio y de regiones adyacentes.
  • Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables. In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 8:152. [mentions].
  • Spellman, D. L. et al. A list of the monocotyledoneae/dicotyledonae of Belize. Rhodora v. 77 & 83, 1975 & 1981
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946–1976. Flora of Guatemala. [prob. adventive].
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  • Verma, D. M. et al. (vol. 1); V. Mudgal et al. (vol. 2). 1993–. Flora Madhya Pradesh.
  • Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource).
  • Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. 1943–1980. Flora of Panama.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. 1996. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74., 1999
More:

Check other web resources for Cosmos sulphureus Cav.:


Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?11684 (23 November 2014)

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