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Taxon: Conringia orientalis (L.) C. Presl

Genus: Conringia
Family: Brassicaceae (alt. Cruciferae) tribe: Conringieae
Nomen number: 11275
Place of publication: Fl. sicul. 1:79. 1826 (Andrz. ex A. P. de Candolle, Syst. nat. 2:508. 1821, pro syn.)
Name verified on: 25-Feb-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 25-Feb-2011
No species priority site assigned.


Common names:

  • hare's-ear mustard   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • hare's-ear-cabbage   (Source: Zander ed16 ) – English
  • rabbit's-ear   (Source: F NAmer ) – English
  • rabbit-ears   (Source: F NAmer ) – English
  • slinkweed   (Source: F NAmer ) – English
  • treacle mustard   (Source: F NAmer ) – English
  • orientalischer Ackerkohl   (Source: Zander ed16 ) – German

Economic importance:

  • Human food: oil/fat   (fide Cornucopia)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant   (fide Weed CIBA)

Distributional range:

    Northern Africa: Algeria [n.]; Egypt [n.]; Libya [n.]; Morocco; Tunisia
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Israel; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey [w.]
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan [w.]
    Indian Subcontinent: Pakistan
    Middle Europe: Austria; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    East Europe: Russian Federation - European part [s.]; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Chita, Kurgan, Omsk
    Australia: Australia - New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria
    East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Russian Federation - European part [n.]
    Southwestern Europe: France; Spain [incl. Baleares]
    Subarctic America: United States - Alaska
    Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, Texas
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah
    Caribbean: Bahamas


  • Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976–. Flora of Libya. [lists as C. orientalis (L.) Andrz.].
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988)
  • Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll. 1982. Flora of the Bahama archipelago.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. [lists as C. orientalis (L.) Andrz.].
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2000. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage. [lists as C. orientalis (L.) Dumort.].
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. [lists as C. orientalis (L.) Andrz.].
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984–. Med-Checklist. [lists as C. orientalis (L.) Dumort.].
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6.
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972–. Atlas florae europaeae.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR. [lists as C. orientalis (L.) Andrz.].
  • Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. 2000–. Flora of Siberia (English translation).
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia.
  • Mansfeld, R. 1959. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2. [lists as C. orientalis (L.) Dumort.].
  • Mouterde, P. 1966–. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. [lists as C. orientalis (L.) Dumort.].
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970–. Flora of [West] Pakistan. [lists as C. orientalis (L.) Andrz.].
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962–1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. [lists as C. orientalis (L.) Andrz.].
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica. [lists as C. orientalis (L.) Andrz.].
  • Rollins, R. C. 1993. The Cruciferae of continental North America. [lists as C. orientalis (L.) Dumort.].
  • Scoggan, H. J. 1978–1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. [lists as C. orientalis (L.) Dumort.].
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1993. Flora europaea, second edition. [lists as C. orientalis (L.) Dumort.].
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966–. Flora palaestina. [lists as C. orientalis (L.) Andrz.].


Check other web resources for Conringia orientalis (L.) C. Presl:


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds or fruits: Seed ID Workshop image, from Department of Horticulture and Crop Science, Ohio State University
  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (08 October 2015)

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