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Taxon: Conium maculatum L.

Genus: Conium
Family: Apiaceae (alt. Umbelliferae) subfamily: Apioideae.
Nomen number: 11262
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:243. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 20-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: National Center for Genetic Resources Preservation (NSSL).
Accessions: 2 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


SPECIES RESTRICTED AS A STATE NOXIOUS WEED
A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
CO*°, IA*°, ID*°, NM*, NV*, OH*°, OR*, UT*°, WA*, WV*, WY°.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

Common names:

  • carrot-fern   (Source: Noxweed Aust ) – English
  • fool's-parsley   (Source: Der Marderosian ) – English
  • hemlock   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • poison-hemlock   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • spotted-hemlock   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • spotted-parsley   (Source: Der Marderosian ) – English
  • grande ciguë   (Source: L Noms French ed7 ) – French
  • cigüe maculée   (Source: L Canada Online ) – French (Canada)
  • cicuta   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • funcho-selvagem   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • encaje cimarrón   (Source: F Mesoamer ) – Spanish
  • panalillo   (Source: F Mesoamer ) – Spanish
  • zanahoria silvestre   (Source: F Mesoamer ) – Spanish
  • perejil de chucho   (Source: F Guat ) – Spanish (Guatemala)
  • perejil de monte   (Source: F Guat ) – Spanish (Guatemala)
  • odört   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • AFRICA
    Northern Africa: Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Western Siberia
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India - Jammu and Kashmir; Pakistan [n.]
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Ukraine
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Greece; Italy; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

      Naturalized:
  • AFRICA
    South Tropical Africa: Mozambique; Zimbabwe
    Southern Africa: South Africa - Western Cape
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    China: China - Xinjiang
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia
    New Zealand: New Zealand
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec
    Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, British Columbia, Saskatchewan
    Mexico
    United States
  • PACIFIC
    Northwestern Pacific: Micronesia
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Mesoamerica: Costa Rica; Guatemala; Honduras
    Brazil: Brazil
    Western South America: Bolivia; Ecuador; Peru
    Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Uruguay

      Cultivated:
  • also cultivated

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45.
  • Brouillet, L., F. et al., compilers. 2010. Database of vascular plants of Canada (VASCAN) (on-line resource).
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959–. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. [poisonous].
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas.
  • Cufodontis, G. 1953–1972. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta.
  • Davidse, G. et al., eds. 1994. Flora mesoamericana.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Demilly, D. et al. 2001. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7.
  • Der Marderosian, A. & L. Liberti. 1988. Natural product medicine: a scientific guide to foods, drugs, cosmetics.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960–. Flora zambesiaca.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. 1973–. Flora of Ecuador.
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  • Holm, L. et al. 1997. World weeds: natural histories and distribution. 225.
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  • Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire. 1931–1941. Catalogue des plantes du Maroc.
  • Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. [poisonous].
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann. 1985. AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. [poisonous].
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Mathias, M. E. & L. Constance. 1944. Umbelliferae. 28B:137 In: Britton, N. L. et al., eds. ser. 1; C. T. Rogerson, ed. ser. 2, North American flora ser. 1, 1905-1957; ser. 2, 1954-1972 28B:137.
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  • Meikle, R. D. 1977–1985. Flora of Cyprus.
  • Mouterde, P. 1966–. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  • Mukherjee, P. K. & L. Constance. 1993. Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) of India.
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970–. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  • Pammel, L. H. 1911. Manual of poisonous plants. [poisonous].
  • Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson. 1992. Noxious weeds of Australia.
  • Pottier-Alapetite, G. 1979–1981. Flore de la Tunisie: Angiospermes-Dicotyledones.
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962–1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  • Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica.
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946–1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource).
  • Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds.
  • Welsh, S. L. et al. 1987. A Utah flora. Great Basin Naturalist Mem. 9.
  • Whitson, T. D. et al., eds. 1999. Weeds of the West, ed. 5.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966–. Flora palaestina.
More:

Check other web resources for Conium maculatum L.:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?11262 (25 October 2014)

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