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Taxon: Colophospermum mopane (Kirk ex Benth.) Kirk ex J. Léonard

Genus: Colophospermum
Family: Fabaceae (alt. Leguminosae) subfamily: Caesalpinioideae tribe: Detarieae. Also placed in: Caesalpiniaceae
Nomen number: 11181
Place of publication: Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 19:390. 1949
Name verified on: 17-Nov-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 02-Jul-2007
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA).
Accessions: 3 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

Common names:

Economic importance:

  • Animal food: forage   (fide African Pl 569. 1999)
  • Fuels: fuelwood   (fide Firewood Cr)
  • Invertebrate food: edible insects/caterpillars/larvae   (source of mopane worms fide African Pl 569. 1999)
  • Materials: wood   (timber fide Ency WTimber)
  • Medicines: folklore   (fide SAfr J Bot 64(5):281. 1998, as Hardwickia mopane)

Distributional range:

    South Tropical Africa: Angola [s.]; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    Southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia; South Africa - Limpopo


  • Boutelje, J. B. 1980. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature. [accepts].
  • Breteler, F. J. et al. 1997. Colophospermum reduced to Hardwickia (Leguminosae-Caesalpinioideae). Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., B, Adansonia 19:279–291. [= Hardwickia mopane (Kirk ex Benth.) Breteler et al.].
  • Carrisso, L. W. et al., eds. 1937–. Conspectus florae angolensis. [accepts].
  • Dyer, R. A. et al., eds. 1963–. Flora of southern Africa. [accepts].
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.
  • Léonard, J. 1999. Colophospermum n'est pas synonyme d'Hardwickia (Caesalpiniaceae). Conclusion d'une méthode objective de travail. Bull. Jard. Bot. Natl. Belg. 67:21–43. [accepts].
  • Merxmüller, H., ed. 1966–1972. Prodromus einer flora von Sudwestafrika. [accepts].
  • National Academy of Sciences. 1980. Firewood crops. Shrub and tree species for energy production. [accepts].
  • Potgieter, M. J. & D. C. J. Wessels. 1998. The anatomy and morphology of petioles and leaflets of Hardwickia mopane (Leguminosae: Caesalpiniodeae). S. African J. Bot. 64(5):281–289.
  • Smith, P. P. et al. 1998. (1372) Proposal to conserve the name Colophospermum against Hardwickia (Leguminosae, Caesalpinioideae). Taxon 47:751–752.
  • Timberlake, J. R. 1999. Colophospermum mopane: an overview of current knowledge. Pp. 565–571 in: Timberlake, J. & S. Kativu, eds., African plants: biodiversity, taxonomy and uses.


Check other web resources for Colophospermum mopane (Kirk ex Benth.) Kirk ex J. Léonard:

  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database and Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images or nodulation data:

  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (26 November 2015)

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