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Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Cocos nucifera L.

Genus: Cocos
Family: Arecaceae (alt. Palmae) subfamily: Arecoideae tribe: Cocoseae subtribe: Attaleinae
Nomen number: 11043
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1188. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 21-Jan-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 21-Jan-2010
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA).
Accessions: 19 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

Common names:

  • coconut   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • coconut palm   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • copra   (Source: Websters Dict ) – English
  • cocotier   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • Kokosnuß   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • Kokospalme   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • khopar   (Source: Names Watson ) – India
  • coqueiro   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • coco-da-bahia   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • coco-da-praia   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • coqueiro-da-bahia   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • coqueiro-da-praia   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • cocotero   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • mnazi   (Source: PROTA4U ) – Swahili
  • kokospalm   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

    Malesia: Indonesia - Irian Jaya, Moluccas; Papua New Guinea; Philippines
    Australia: Australia - Queensland
    Southwestern Pacific: Vanuatu

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
    Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar
    Indian Subcontinent: India; Sri Lanka
    Indo-China: Thailand
    Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia
    North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    Northwestern Pacific: Guam; Marshall Islands; Northern Mariana Islands; Palau
    South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia
    Mesoamerica: Belize

  • widely cultivated



Check other web resources for Cocos nucifera L.:


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (07 October 2015)

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